Roots of the State: Neighborhood Organization and Social Networks in Beijing and Taipei
Most social science studies of local organizations tend to focus on "civil society" associations, voluntary associations independent from state control, whereas government-sponsored organizations tend to be theorized in totalitarian terms as "mass organizations" or manifestations of state corporatism. Roots of the State examines neighborhood associations in Beijing and Taipei that occupy a unique space that exists between these concepts. Benjamin L. Read views the work of the neighborhood associations he studies as a form of "administrative grassroots engagement." States sponsor networks of organizations at the most local of levels, and the networks facilitate governance and policing by building personal relationships with members of society. Association leaders serve as the state's designated liaisons within the neighborhood and perform administrative duties covering a wide range of government programs, from welfare to political surveillance. These partly state-controlled entities also provide a range of services to their constituents. Neighborhood associations, as institutions initially created to control societies, may underpin a repressive regime such as China's, but they also can evolve to empower societies, as in Taiwan. This book engages broad and much-discussed questions about governance and political participation in both authoritarian and democratic regimes.
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Structuring the Neighborhood
3 Elections Bogus and Bona Fide
4 Power Relations at the Alley Level
5 Perceptions and Interaction
6 Thick Networks and StateMobilized Volunteers
7 Thin Networks and the Appeals of Organic Statism
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activists activities administrative grassroots engagement associations authoritarian authorities bao-jia Beijing and Taipei Beijing’s block captains borhood building candidates CDRs Chapter Chen Chiayi China and Taiwan Chinese Chongxing citizens city government city’s civil society committee members Communist constituents corporatism democratic Democratic Progressive Party director discussed disputes district Figure grassroots institutions groups guanxi hood household registry individuals Indonesia institutions interaction Interview kinds Kuomintang Kurasawa li-lin system liganshi lizhang Ma Ying-jeou mediation migrants neigh neighbor neighborhood leaders neighborhood organizations neighborhood warden networks ofthe participation party Pekkanen people’s percent perspective Pingshan police political population positions Qingdao questions RC members RC staff RC’s regime relationships reported residents respondents role Seoul shequ Shimen Shuangqiao social sometimes South Korea Southeast Asia state’s street office Suharto survey Taipei City Taipei Neighborhoods Taiwan tions tonarigumi ultra-local urban volunteer vote voters Xianningjie yuan