The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: A Contribution to the Decoding of the Language of the Koran

Couverture
Verlag Hans Schiler, 2007 - 349 pages
7 Avis
Throughout its history the Koran has presented problems of interpretation. Some scholars estimate that at least a quarter of the text is obscure in meaning, not only for Western translators but even native Arabic speakers, who struggle with the archaic vocabulary that is no longer used in modern Arabic.
In this in-depth study of the language of the Koran, scholar Christoph Luxenberg dispels much of the mystery surrounding numerous hitherto unclear passages. The key, as Luxenberg shows exhaustively, is to understand that Aramaic--the language of most Middle Eastern Jews and Christians of the pre-Islamic era--had a pervasive influence on the development of the Arabic text of the Koran. For a thousand years preceding the advent of Islam, Aramaic (or Syriac as it was sometimes called) was the lingua franca of many parts of the Near East. It was the native language of the first Christian evangelists and the main liturgical language of the early Christian churches from Syria to Iran.

Based on this historical context and a profound knowledge of Semitic languages, Luxenberg clarifies many thorny textual puzzles. Perhaps his most interesting argument is that the passage often translated as referring to the "virgins" that are believed to greet the departed faithful in paradise was long ago misunderstood. In fact, knowledge of ancient Christian hymns in Aramaic suggests that the word in question refers to "grapes" that the departed will enjoy in a paradisiacal garden. Luxenberg discusses many other similar fascinating instances where Aramaic vocabulary and concepts influenced the text of the Koran

This highly erudite work makes a significant contribution to the study of the Koran and the history of Islamic origins.
 

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Table des matières

CONTENTS
9
Reference Works
20
The Arabic Script
30
The Seven Readings
37
100
44
196
52
Western Koranic Studies
66
of qÚryän to qurcän
72
On Many a SyroAramaic Basic Structure
214
Misread Arabic Expressions
242
157
257
The Significance of Ephraem the Syrian
258
Additional Relevant Passages
265
33
281
The Boys of Paradise
284
44
289

5
88
The Historical Error
109
Analysis of Individual Sura Verses
127
249
139
250
143
15
150
The Analysis of Individual Suras
292
Résumé
326
Literature Cited
335
153
341
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À propos de l'auteur (2007)

Christoph Luxenberg is a German scholar and professor of ancient Semitic and Arabic languages.

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