Commentary on Matthew

Front Cover
When the writing of Latin biblical commentaries was still in its infancy, a young bishop from Poitiers, in Gaul, penned a passage-by-passage exposition on the Gospel of Matthew. It is the first of its kind to have survived almost completely intact. Published now for the first time in English translation, Hilary's commentary offers a close look at Latin theology and exegesis before the Nicene Creed was considered the sole standard of orthodoxy. Likely the earliest of Hilary's writings, this commentary has none of the polemic against the "Arians" that figured so prominently in most of his later works. Nonetheless, there exists in this text an oft-stated concern with those who interpreted the Incarnation as grounds for construing Christ as only a man rather than professing Christ as God and man. Other noteworthy features of the commentary include Hilary's interest in the relation between Law and Gospel and his articulation of a Pauline-based view of justification by faith. In his view, the importance of the Law before the Gospel was indisputable and necessary. For Jews, it was considered the way of redemption. With the advent of Christ, it became an eschatological guide directing all future believers into the grace that comes by faith. Hilary's emphasis on God's righteousness conferred on a helpless race represents a far more pronounced application of Paul's thought than in any previous Latin writer.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Chapter One
41
Chapter Two
48
Chapter Three
54
Chapter Four
59
Chapter Five
74
Chapter Six
85
Chapter Seven
90
Chapter Eighteen
193
Chapter Nineteen
200
Chapter Twenty
208
Chapter TwentyOne
218
Chapter TwentyTwo
229
Chapter TwentyThree
234
Chapter TwentyFour
240
Chapter TwentyFive
248

Chapter Eight
97
Chapter Nine
103
Chapter Ten
110
Chapter Eleven
129
Chapter Twelve
138
Chapter Thirteen
153
Chapter Fourteen
158
Chapter Fifteen
170
Chapter Sixteen
177
Chapter Seventeen
185
Chapter TwentySix
254
Chapter TwentySeven
259
Chapter TwentyEight
267
Chapter TwentyNine
268
Chapter Thirty
270
Chapter ThirtyOne
273
Chapter ThirtyTwo
282
Chapter ThirtyThree
287
Appendices and Indices
295
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

D. H. WILLIAMS is professor of patristics and historical theology at Baylor University. His publications include books and articles on early Christian thought and literature, as well as studies that seek to integrate the ancient Christian legacy with contemporary theology. He is the editor of The Church's Bible: Commentary on Matthew.

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