Life (Loose Leaf): The Science of Biology

Front Cover
CO-PUBLISHED BY SINAUER ASSOCIATES, INC., AND W. H. FREEMAN AND COMPANY. LIFE HAS EVOLVED. . . from its original publication to this dramatically revitalized Eighth Edition. LIFE has always shown students how biology works, offering an engaging and coherent presentation of the fundamentals of biology by describing the landmark experiments that revealed them. This edition builds on those strengths and introduces several innovations..
As with previous editions, the Eighth Edition will also be available in three paperback volumes:
• Volume I The Cell and Heredity, Chapters 1-20
• Volume II Evolution, Diversity and Ecology, Chapters 1, 21-33, 52-57
• Volume III Plants and Animals, Chapters 1, 34-51
 

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Contents

Part One The Science and Building Blocks of Life 1 Studying Life
2
The Chemistry of Life
20
52
22
Macromolecules and the Origin of Life
40
What Features of Cells Make
69
The Working Units of Life
70
by a membrane
83
The extracellular matrix supports tissue
91
The Evolution of Seed Plants
630
Todays Dominant Vegetation?
631
Angiosperms produce fruits
643
Recyclers Pathogens Parasites and Plant Partners
650
Animal Origins and the Evolution of Body Plans
672
Protostome Animals
690
32A Why Do Arthropods Dominate
705
Deuterostome Animals
716

The Dynamic Cell Membrane
98
Energy Enzymes and Metabolism
118
A How Do Enzymes Work?
128
7
134
Pathways That Harvest Chemical Energy
138
8
156
Energy from Sunlight
160
Part Three Heredity and the Genome 9 Chromosomes The Cell Cycle and Cell Division
180
9A What Is the Role of Cell Division
193
Mendel and Beyond
206
Hybrid vigor results from new gene
220
Humans display many sexlinked char
227
DMA and Its Role in Heredity
236
The doublehelical structure of DNA
241
11A How Are Errors in DNA Repaired?
249
Genotype to Phenotype
258
13
278
The Genetics of Viruses and Prokaryotes
282
Many plant viruses spread with the help
289
13A How Is Gene Expression
296
Will defining the genes required for cel
302
The Eukaryotic Genome and Its Expression
308
RNA can be edited to change the
326
The Genome in Action 15 Cell Signaling and Communication
332
Z How Do Signal Receptors Initiate
336
Recombinant DNA
352
Recombinant DMA and Biotechnology
354
it What Are the Sources of
362
17
372
Genome Sequencing Molecular Biology and Medicine
374
17A What Is Cancer?
386
Gene Expression and Natural Defense Systems
400
18A What Is the Humoral Immune
411
Differential Gene Expression in Development
426
Development and Evolutionary Change
448
A How Does the Environment
454
Part Five The Patterns and Processes of Evolution 21 The History of Life on Earth
464
The Mechanisms of Evolution
486
The genetic structure of a population
492
A How Is Genetic Variation Main
501
Species and Their Formation
508
23A Why Do Rates of Speciation
518
The Evolution of Genes and Genomes
524
Reconstructing and Using Phytogenies
542
The Prokaryotic Domains
560
26A How Can We Determine
569
The Origin and Diversification of the Eukaryotes
582
27A How Do Microbial Eukaryotes
593
Red algae have a distinctive accessory
601
From Sea to Land
610
Horsetails whisk ferns and ferns con
625
33A How Did Vertebrates Colonize
728
Primates?
737
Form and Function
743
The Plant Body
744
Transport in Plants
764
Plant Nutrition
780
Nitrogenase catalyzes nitrogen
789
Regulation of Plant Growth
796
t What Do Cytokinins Ethylene
809
Reproduction in Flowering Plants
818
Plant Responses to Environmental Challenges
836
A How Do Plants Deal with Salt
848
Form and Function 40 Physiology Homeostasis and Temperature Regulation
854
Animal Hormones
874
Animal Reproduction
896
From Genes to Organisms
920
How Does Gastrulation Generate
926
The fetus grows and matures during
937
Neurons and Nervous Systems
942
Sensory Systems
964
WA How Do Sensory Systems Detect
975
Structure and Higher Function
984
System Organized?
985
What is consciousness?
1001
How Animals Get Things Done
1004
Gas Exchange in Animals
1024
Circulatory Systems
1044
How Is the Circulatory System
1061
Nutrition Digestion and Absorption
1068
Salt and Water Balance and Nitrogen Excretion
1092
Part Nine Ecology 52 Ecology and The Distribution of Life
1112
Temperate deciduous forests change
1120
Tropical deciduous forests occur in
1126
53
1137
Behavior and Behavioral Ecology
1140
Imprinting takes place at a specific point
1145
Population Ecology
1166
Community Ecology
1184
A How Do Disturbances Affect
1197
Ecosystems and Global Ecology
1204
Oceans receive materials from the land
1206
Other biogeochemical cycles are also
1219
Conservation Biology
1226
57A What Strategies Do Conservation
1235
The Tree of Life
1246
Some Measurements
1252
Glossary
9
Answers to SelfQuizzes
33
Index
1
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Gordon H. Orians lives in Seattle, where he is professor emeritus of biology at the University of Washington. He is the author or editor of several books, including, most recently, "Red-Winged Blackbirds: Decision-making and Reproductive Success "and" Life: The Science of Biology".

- William K. Purves ist emeritierter Dozent des Harvey Mudd College in Claremont, Kalifornien - David Sadava unterrichtet an den Claremont Colleges in Kalifornien - Gordon H. Orians ist Emeritus der University of Washington in Seattle, Washington - H. Craig Heller ist Dozent an der Stanford University in Kalifornien - JA1/4rgen Markl, Zoologisches Institut der UniversitAt Mainz, ist deutscher Bearbeiter und Herausgeber des Purves

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