Reaction Kinetics and Reactor Design, Second Edition

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CRC Press, Jan 3, 2000 - Science - 752 pages
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This text combines a description of the origin and use of fundamental chemical kinetics through an assessment of realistic reactor problems with an expanded discussion of kinetics and its relation to chemical thermodynamics. It provides exercises, open-ended situations drawing on creative thinking, and worked-out examples. A solutions manual is also available to instructors.
 

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Contents

Apparent Reaction Kinetics in Homogeneous Systems
1
The Mass Action Law
6
13 Temperature Dependence of Reaction Rate
9
14 Rate Laws and Integrated Forms for Elementary Steps
12
15 Kinetics of Nearly Complex Reaction Sequences
25
16 Kinetics of Complex Reaction SequencesChain Reactions
35
17 Chemical Equilibrium
49
18 Reaction Rates and Conversion in Nonisothermal Systems
62
Ion Exchange and Adsorption
308
Exercises
315
Notation
326
Modeling of Real Reactors
331
51 Deviation from Ideal Flows
332
53 Combined Models for Macroscopic Flow Phenomena
356
54 Modeling of Nonideal Reactors
361
Exercises
391

19 Interpretation of Kinetic Information
74
Exercises
93
Notation
104
The Mechanisms of Chemical Reactions in Homogeneous Phases
107
22 Collision Theory of Reaction Rates
116
23 TransitionState Theory of Reaction Rates
133
24 Experimental Results on the Kinetics of Various Reactions
151
25 Some Estimation Methods
155
Exercises
160
Notation
165
The Mechanisms of Chemical Reactions on Surfaces
169
31 Adsorption and Desorption
170
32 Surface Reactions with RateControlling Steps
187
33 Surface Reactions and Nonideal Surfaces
194
34 Enzyme and Microbial Kinetics
197
35 Interpretation of the Kinetics of Reactions on Surfaces
202
Catalyst Deactivation
212
Exercises
219
Notation
226
Introduction to Chemical Reactor Theory
231
41 Reaction in Mixed or Segregated Systems
232
42 Age Distributions and Macromixing
235
Reactors with Ideal Flows
245
44 Applications of Ideal Reactor Models
252
45 Temperature Effects in Ideal Reactors
289
46 Catalyst Deactivation in Flow Reactors
301
Notation
395
Thermal Effects in the Modeling of Real Reactors
399
62 Some ReactorHeatExchanger Systems
424
63 Gradients and Profiles
430
64 Temperature Forcing of Reactors with Catalyst Decay
445
Exercises
451
Notation
452
Reactions in Heterogeneous Systems
457
72 Reactions in GasLiquid Systems
521
The Dispersion Approach
537
Exercises
560
Notation
566
Multiphase Reactors
571
82 Slurry Reactors
592
83 GasLiquid Reactors
608
84 TrickleBed Reactors
635
Exercises
660
Notation
666
Some More UnsteadyState Problems
673
92 Chromatography
695
93 Deactivation Waves
709
Exercises
712
Notation
716
Index
721
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About the author (2000)

Butt is Walter P. Murphy Professor of Chemical Engineering, Emeritus, Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. He received the B.S. degree in chemical engineering from Clemson University, South Carolina, and the M.Eng. and D.Eng. degrees in chemical engineering from Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

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