On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life
The traditional way of understanding life, as a self-appropriating and self-organizing process of not ceasing to exist, of taking care of one's own hunger, is challenged by today's unprecedented proliferation of discourses and techniques concerning the living being. This challenge entails questioning the fundamental concepts of metaphysical thinking, namely, time, finality, and, above all, being. Garrido argues that today we are in a position to repeat Nietzsche's assertion that there is no other representation of "being" than that of "living." But in order to carry out this deconstruction of ontology, we need to find new ways of asking "What is life?"
In this study, Garrido establishes the basic elements of the question concerning life through readings of Aristotle, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Derrida; through the discussion of scientific breakthroughs in thermodynamics and evolutionary and developmental biology; and through the reexamination of the notion of hunger in both its metaphysical and its political implications.
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afﬁrm alive animal animal’s appears Aristotle Aristotle’s becoming being-with Bohr capacity cells Chapter characterized complexity concerning consciousness considered constituted contrary Darwin Dasein death deconstruction Derrida dynamis emergence entropy essence evolution existence experience experimental systems fact ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂow force formation fundamental genes Heidegger GA Heidegger GA 29-30 Heidegger’s horizon human hunger Husserl Ibid idea identity inﬁnite insofar instance irreversible laws living being’s living body living corporality living process means mechanical metabolism mode molecular biology molecular chaos movement natural selection Nietzsche Nietzsche’s object one’s oneself ontological Oxford Classical Texts phenomena phenomenon philosophical physical possible presuppose Prigogine primordial production representation reproducing Rheinberger 1997 sciences scientiﬁc self-appropriation self-organization sense simply singular soluble Soul speak speciﬁc spontaneous structure task teleological teleology teleonomy temporal thermodynamic evolution thermodynamics thing tinkering tion traditional concept transfer RNA ultimate unconcerned understanding variation VVhat W. D. Ross