Special Report on Surnames in Ireland: With Notes as to Numerical Strength, Derivation, Ethnology, and Distribution; Based on Information Extracted from the Indexes of the General Register Office

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H.M. Stationery Office, 1909 - Ethnology - 79 pages

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Page 13 - The most striking circumstance presented by the indexes, is the extraordinary number and variety of surnames of the English people. Derived from almost every imaginable object — from the names of places, from trades and employments, from personal peculiarities, from the Christian name of the father, from objects in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, from things animate and inanimate — their varied...
Page 27 - The peninsular position of these baronies — the sea on the one side, and the mountain of Forth on the other — contributed, no doubt, in a great degree to the safety and stability of the colony; yet had it not been for the numerous castles, or, more properly speaking, fortalices, the ruins of which form so remarkable a feature in the landscape, the courage and daring of the native Irish would have caused their extermination. Over a surface of about 40,000 acres, there are still standing the remains...
Page 14 - The surnames derived from rank and occupation are very numerous, but are equally common to England as to Scotland. Of these, in both countries. Smith is the most common name; after which follow, in Scotland, Stewart, Miller, Clark, Taylor, Walker, and Hunter; but in England, after Smith come Taylor, Wright, Walker, Turner, Clark, and Cooper.
Page 26 - ... (of their observances in which particular many most interesting details are described) ; and that " they seldom dispose of their children in marriage but unto natives, or such as will determine to reside in the barony.
Page 15 - Corke, Kinsale ; or colour, as white, blacke, browne ; or arte or science, as smith or carpenter ; or office, as cooke, butler...
Page 15 - Also, it is ordained and established, that every Englishman do use the English language, and be named by an English name, leaving off entirely the manner of naming used by the Irish; and that every Englishman use the English custom, fashion, mode of riding and apparel, according to his estate; and if any English, or Irish living amongst the English, use the Irish language amongst themselves, contrary to this ordinance, and thereof be...
Page 13 - Hereditary surnames were not in use even amongst the gentry of Wales until the time of Henry VIII. , nor were they generally established until a much later period; indeed, at the present day they can scarcely be said to be adopted amongst the lower classes in the wilder districts, where, as the marriage registers show, the Christian name of the father still frequently becomes the patronymic of the son in the manner just described.
Page 13 - In Wales, however, the surnames, if surnames they can be called, do not present the same variety, most of them having been formed in a simple manner from the Christian or fore-name of the father in the Genitive case, son being understood. Thus, Evan's son became Evans, John's son Jones, &c. Others were derived from the father's name coalesced with a form of the word ap or hab (son of), by which Hugh ap Howell became Powell...
Page 29 - ... all disputes. They are industrious men, and have leases from the proprietors of the land at reasonable rents; they are consequently better fed and clothed than the generality of Irish peasants. Besides, their modes of husbandry and crops are better than those of their neighbours. They have, by degrees, left off their sour-crout, and feed on potatoes, milk, butter, oaten and wheaten bread, some meat and fowls, of which they rear many.
Page 26 - I mean the peculiar dialect which, up to the last generation, continued to be commonly spoken in the baronies of Forth and Bargie, in the County of "\Vexford.

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