Mangas Coloradas, Chief of the Chiricahua Apaches

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University of Oklahoma Press, 1998 - Biography & Autobiography - 578 pages
Mangas Coloradas led his Chiricahua Apache people for almost forty years. During the last years of Mangas's life, he and his son-in-law Cochise led an assault against white settlement in Apachería that made the two of them the most feared warriors in the Southwest. In this first full-length biography of the legendary chief, Edwin R. Sweeney vividly portrays the Apache culture in which Mangas rose to power and the conflict with Americans that led to his brutal death.

A giant of a man, Mangas combined strength with wisdom and became leader of the Chiricahuas by 1842. Leading war parties against the Mexicans of Sonora, Mangas returned to his homelands in southwestern New Mexico with livestock, booty, and captives. In 1846 he welcomed Americans who joined in his fight against the Mexicans. But as more white miners, ranchers, and farmers encroached on the Apaches' territory, tragic incidents caused retaliations that pressured Mangas, along with Cochise, to fight back in desperation. When Mangas finally tried to make peace in 1863, he was captured and killed by American soldiers. Ironically, the death of Mangas Coloradas, who had wished only to live in peace in his land, inflamed American-Apache relations and led to another twenty-three years of war.

 

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MANGAS COLORADAS: Chief of the Chiracahua Apaches

User Review  - Kirkus

A plodding, long, but serviceable biography of the great Apache leader. Sweeney (Cochise, 1991) synthesizes the existing literature on Mangas Coloradas, alias —Red Sleeves,— a strikingly gifted ... Read full review

Mangas Coloradas, chief of the Chiricahua Apaches

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Sweeney (Cochise: Chiricahua Apache Chief, LJ 5/1/91) has written a sympathetic biography of Mangas Coloradas ("red sleeves"), who led the Chiricahua Apache nation for almost 40 years. A large and ... Read full review

Contents

An EighteenthCentury Chiricahua
3
Santa Lucía Springs
10
Mangas Coloradas as Fuerte
27
Mangas a son of Mangas Coloradas
29
Apache Pass
39
The Conflict Begins
44
José María Elías González
63
Fuerte Becomes Mangas Coloradas
68
John R Bartlett
228
Mangas Coloradass new outfit
234
Fort Webster
246
A Treaty at Ácoma
254
Edwin Vose Sumner
257
Victorio
273
Americans Break Their Promises
284
Dr Michael Steck
288

José Cosme de Urrea
82
A Treaty at Janos
88
Janos Chihuahua
95
Mangas Settles the Score
109
Fronteras Sonora
114
Eternal Friendship to Americans
137
Stephen Watts Kearny
142
Cochise
154
Mangas Coloradas Must Be Killed
159
A Cruel War on Sonora
187
Santa Cruz
195
Pozo Hediondo
211
Americans Occupy Santa Rita del Cobre
220
Fort Thorn
294
The Good Agent Steck
307
Charles Poston
332
All Trails Lead to Janos
335
Calm Before the Storm
363
Mangas Coloradas Declares War on Americans
391
War
412
The Greatest of Wrongs
441
Notes
467
Bibliography
537
Index
551
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Retired as a professional accountant, Edwin R. Sweeney is an independent scholar and the author of Cochise: Chiricahua Apache Chief; Mangas Coloradas: Chief of the Chiricahua Apaches; and From Cochise to Geronimo: The Chiricahua Apaches, 1874-1886.

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