Corunna 1809: Sir John Moore's Fighting Retreat
The retreat to Corunna is one of the epic campaigns of the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815). Late in 1808 Sir John Moore found himself virtually alone with his small British army deep inside Spain. The armies of his Spanish allies had been overwhelmed and he faced a victorious French force under the Emperor Napoleon. He had little option but to order a retreat to the port of Corunna. This became the most arduous of trials with armies traversing mountainous terrain over appalling roads in the depths of winter. Somehow Moore held his outnumbered, exhausted men together as they struggled to reach safety. Finally at Corunna Moore's army turned to face its tormentors.
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ORIGINS OF THE CAMPAIGN
THE RETREAT TO CORUNNA
Sahagun to Benavente Astorga to Cacabellos Cacabellos to Corunna
THE BATTLEFIELD TODAY
15th Hussars 27me Dragoons 47me Line 4me Leger 5oult action advance arrived artillery Astorga attack Baird battalion Battle of Corunna Bembibre Benavente Bessieres bridge British troops cavalry Charles Chasseurs a Cheval Christa Hook command Corunna campaign counter-attack Craufurd's Edward Paget Elvina Engraving Esla fighting Fletcher Battlefield Tours force French cavalry Hippolyte Bellange Hope Hope's Ian Fletcher Battlefield II Corps Imperial Guard January Junta Ker Porter King's German Legion La Romana Lahoussaye's dragoons later Leith's Brigade light brigades Light Infantry Lisbon Lord Paget Madrid Marshal Mayorga Merle Merle's Division Mermet's Moore ordered Moore's army NAP WAR5 Napoleon Napoleon reaches November officers Osprey Paget's cavalry Paget's Division Peninsular War PHASE Portugal rearguard regiments reinforced remarked reserve retired retreat to Corunna road Romana route Sahagun Salamanca sent Sir John Moore skirmish Slade soldiers Soult Spain Spanish armies terrain Thomas Graham units Valladolid Vigo Vol.I Warde's Wellington wounded