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12-pounder batteries 6-pounder action advance guard advantage ammunition columns ammunition waggons army army-corps artil assailant attack Austrians battalion battle of Bautzen battle of Borodino battle of Heilsberg brigade calibres canister shot fire centre charge circumstances close column close order column formation column of subdivisions columns of divisions combat commander corps debouching defence defile deploy detachment divisions or half employed enemy enemy's artillery enemy's troops enfilade engagement entrenchments escort favourable field artillery fire of artillery flank foot artillery foot batteries formation French front graze fire gunners half batteries horse artillery batteries howitzer battery infantry and cavalry intervals latter lery light guns limber line of battle main body manoeuvre masses of artillery ment movements non-commissioned officer number of pieces object offensive open order placed pounder projectile Prussian regiment requisite reserve artillery ricochet fire round shot SECTION shell shrapnell fire superior force tactical teries tion victorious village
Page 181 - Towards the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth centuries, cocoa was largely and successfully cultivated, but in 1725 a blight fell upon the plantations.
Page 54 - ... and- moderately commanding points of the general line, should be selected for the divisional guns, which should be placed in the intervals of the general line. The saliency of such points greatly increasing the lateral range, enables a converging fire to be brought to bear upon columns of attack.4 19. In the different phases of an action, one arm is -wont to be of predominant importance, and it is by this one that the other arms must direct themselves, with reference to their positions. In general,...
Page 152 - Institution), CCC 4 Ambert. 40. When a division or a wing, in an action, has to change front by throwing a shoulder forward, it is of importance to establish a battery in front of the pivot, so as to protect the movement of the troops and the execution of the manoeuvre ; and for this purpose, it will be found advantageous to make use of a heavy battery of the artillery of reserve ; the light field or...
Page 75 - We may easily see that the determination of the distance upon such a principle is subject to the following objection, that there exists no just proportion between the base and the perpendicular of the triangle, and, consequently, that the angle under which it is seen is very small. Distance measurers constructed upon this principle determine distances beyond 600 paces with but little accuracy.
Page 201 - ... point at which they should be employed, is what is termed the key of the enemy's position, getting possession of which decides the contest ; the choice of it is influenced by the position the line of retreat and the turn the fight may have taken. *••*•• The strength of the artillery masses, is a matter of great importance. The mass should not be so unwieldy as to lose its capability of manoeuvring, for success is not merely dependent upon the number of the pieces, but upon the order and...
Page 184 - Marengo, on 14th June, 1800 ; in this action the twelve pieces of Boudet's division, which had only just arrived, checked the victorious career of the Austrians by their unexpected and effective fire ; they became, too, the supporting point of all the manoeuvres which turned the fate of the action. It was the last barrier of the already beaten French army; by it the French commander-in-chief supported his discomfited and exhausted divisions ; and from it, and the impetuous attack of fresh forces,...
Page 149 - Commander, who should ever have before him the golden rule of Taubert, ie, Divisional artillery, like divisional cavalry, is merely an auxiliary arm ; and that the infantry, and not the artillery, is the chief element in an action. It is therefore the duty of that artillery to comprehend the object momentarily in view, with quickness and " accuracy, and powerfully to support the infantry in combat.
Page 73 - The choice of the object to be fired at must be object. determined by the particular purpose the artillery endeavours to effect, and should be changed with that purpose during the course of the action. In the beginning of an. engagement, and when the pieces cannot yet contribute to their own defence, they direct their fire where the distance, ground, and position of the enemy hold out the greatest promise of effect. When the battle has advanced, and in decisive moments the objects to be fired at...
Page 112 - In the defence of defiles from a position in rear of the mouth, the artillery is the most effective arm, for the fire of its pieces commanding the defile and its opening, is always the most powerful means of impeding the passage and of rendering the deployment of the enemy's troops for action more difficult. In consequence of the large space which the position behind a defile affords, the necessary discretion can be used as to placing the artillery, and a reciprocal support of all three arms may...