An Essay on the Impolicy of the African Slave Trade
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1788 Excerpt: ...too, in a quantity sufficient to satisfy their thirst, is scarcely to be obtained. A gun-barrel is carried to the topmast head, and suspended there. The sailor, who wants to drink, is obliged to fetch it down. He then puts it into a cask of water, and applying his mouth to the muzzle, fucks the liquid up. When he has done with it, he carries it to its former place. Many, who are sick and infirm, go without their water, or suffer as long as they can, sooner than attempt to fetch the instrument for obtaining it in their feeble state. This prohibition of a sufficient quantity of water and provisions, the want of which greatly impoverishes their blood, and renders them more susceptible of impression from the various causes of disease, is wholly to be ascribed to the nature of the trade: for the time which a vessel rn, ay stay upon the coast, or be upon the middle passage is so uncertain, and the number on board to be daily supported so great, that the officers are under the necessity of acting with the parsimony described. The fifth originates in the following manner: When the slaves are brought on board, the seamen, to make room for them, are turned out of their apartments between the decks. During their stay in the rivers, a place of retreat is made for them, but this, on their departure from the coast, is obliged to be taken down. From this period they either sleep on the open deck, or in the tops of the veslel. In some vessels they are permitted to sleep in the boat, which is suspended under the booms, with a tarpawling over them usually full of holes. But in general they are left destitute of a covering, and are exposed through the whole of the middle passage to all the inclemency of the weather. If it rains, they must unavoidably be wet, and in that condit..
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