Virgil, Aeneid, 4.1-299: Latin Text, Study Questions, Commentary and Interpretative Essays
Love and tragedy dominate book four of Virgil's most powerful work, building on the violent emotions invoked by the storms, battles, warring gods, and monster-plagued wanderings of the epic's opening. Destined to be the founder of Roman culture, Aeneas, nudged by the gods, decides to leave his beloved Dido, causing her suicide in pursuit of his historical destiny. A dark plot, in which erotic passion culminates in sex, and sex leads to tragedy and death in the human realm, unfolds within the larger horizon of a supernatural sphere, dominated by power-conscious divinities. Dido is Aeneas' most significant other, and in their encounter Virgil explores timeless themes of love and loyalty, fate and fortune, the justice of the gods, imperial ambition and its victims, and ethnic differences. This course book offers a portion of the original Latin text, study questions, a commentary, and interpretative essays. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Ingo Gildenhard's incisive commentary will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both A2 and undergraduate level. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Virgil's poetry and discussion of the most recent scholarly thought.
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accusative object adjective Aeneid Aeolus alliteration allusion amore animos animum Anna Anna’s Apollo Apollonius Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica Ascanius assonance atque Austin Book caelum caesura Carthage Carthaginians Catullus cave chiastic commentary contrast Cupid cura deorum Dido and Aeneas Dido’s Dionysus divine enjambment Ennius epic Fama Fama’s fata genitive goddess gods Greek haec Homer hunt husband hyperbaton Iarbas Iliad Juno Juno’s Jupiter Jupiter’s Latin Libya literary litteras Lucretius Maclennan marriage means Medea Mercury Mercury’s mind moenia narrative noun numina nunc O’Hara Odyssey OLD s.v. participle passage Pease pectore phrase poem proem pudor quae quam queen quid recalls reference regina reinforced religious rhetorical ritual Roman Rome Rome’s saucia sense simile sister speech subjunctive suicide Sychaeus syntax terras thematic tragic tricolon Trojan Turnus uates uenis uentos uirtus underscores urbem uulnus Venus verb verse Virgil wedding winds word καὶ