Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) was a member of the elite group of Italian Renaissance masters which also included his prominent rivals Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Born in Urbino where his father was court artist, he moved to Florence as a young man and there established his reputation by painting a series of Virgin and Child compositions. Four years later he was summoned to Rome by Pope Julius II to decorate his private apartments in the Vatican. His meteoric rise at the papal court inflamed the jealousy of Michelangelo, whose style Raphael was able to adopt and then make his own. For the next eighteen years Raphael was indispensable to Julius and his successor Leo X - not only as a painter, but also as a designer of tapestries, architect of St Peter's and even procurer of antiquities, dominating the arts in Rome until his untimely death on his 37th birthday. Raphael had an exceptional artistic eye and a gift for absorbing the styles of other artists and adapting them to his own means and purposes. Draughtsmanship was the foundation of his immensely successful career, and the British Museum holds an excellent collection of his drawings. Beginning with an introduction to the life of the artist, this beautifully illustrated book presents a chronological selection of Raphael's drawings including early figure studies, demonstrating his astonishing mastery of naturalistic movement. It then explores his working methods and shows how he incorporated the influences of his famous peers into his own inimitable style. The development of Raphael's ideas through his drawings gives insight into the mind and method of a fascinating and much-admired artist.
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Agostino Chigi altar altarpiece angel artists Baglioni black chalk cartoon chalk over stylus Christ Citta di Castello commission completed fresco composition demonstrate Raphael's depicting devotional image Disputa drapery study Drawings by Raphael Entombment exhibition catalogue extraordinary family chapel figure Florence Foligno gesturing half-length hatching head Hercules idea ink with traces inspired J.A. Gere Julius Julius's Leonardo London Luca Signorelli Mackintosh Madonna Madonna di Foligno Marcantonio Raimondi Maria del Popolo Maria della Pace medium metalpoint on pink Michelangelo nudes in motion Oddi Coronation Oddi family painting Palazzo Pitti panel Parnassus patron pen and ink Perugia Perugino pink prepared paper Pintoricchio Pope pope's pose preparatory drawings projects Raphael continued Raphael's designs Raphael's drawings Raphael's style red chalk Rome sculpture shade sheet Sibyl Signorelli Sistine chapel sketches St Francis Stanza della Segnatura stylus underdrawing suggest that Raphael survive talent tonal Transfiguration Urbino Vatican City Vatican hill Vatican Museums Virgin and Child window workshop