Barry's Fruit Garden

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Orange Judd, 1872 - Fruit-culture - 491 pages
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Page 195 - The story of the sufferings of this second colony has often been told, and need not be repeated here. Suffice it to say that it...
Page 101 - The idea that our bright American sun and clear atmosphere render pruning an almost unnecessary operation, has not only been inculcated by horticultural writers, but has been acted upon in practice to such an extent that more than three-fourths of all the bearing fruit trees in the country are at this moment either lean, misshaped skeletons, or the heads are perfect masses of wood unable to yield more than one bushel in ten of fruit well matured, colored and ripened.
Page 97 - OrFIG. 41. 571 cut for insertion in the stock, should be about an inch or an inch and a half long, with a bud (a) at the shoulder, where it is to rest on the stock ; this bud hastens the union of the parts, in the same way as a bud at the base of a cutting, set in the earth, hastens and facilitates the emission of roots ; the outer edge should also be somewhat thicker than the inner. A sloping cut (a, Fig.
Page 300 - ... to suit its growth, immense quantities are grown for the London market. " That part of Kent where the filbert is chiefly cultivated is a loam upon a dry sandy rock. The Rev. W. Williamson advises every one to plant them where they are to remain, whether they are intended for a garden or a larger plantation ; and after being suffered to grow without restraint for three or four years, to cut them down within a few inches of the ground. From the remaining part, if the trees are well rooted in the...
Page 302 - Old trees are easily induced to bear in this manner, by selecting a sufficient number of the main branches, and then cutting the side shoots off nearly close, excepting any should be so situated as not to interfere with the others, and there should be no main branch directed to that particular part. It will, however, be two or three years before the full effect will be produced.
Page 302 - ... for several years. In order to ensure fruit every year, I have usually left a large proportion of those shoots, which, from their strength, I suspected would not be so productive of blossom buds, as the shorter ones ; leaving them more in a state of nature than is commonly done ; not pruning them so closely as to weaken the trees by excessive bearing, nor leaving them so entirely to their natural growth, as to cause their annual productiveness to be destroyed by a superfluity of wood. These shoots,...
Page 301 - In the fifth year several small shoots will arise from the bases of the side branches which were cut off the preceding year ; these are produced from small buds, and would not have been emitted had not the branch on which they are situated been shortened, the whole nourishment being carried to the upper part of the branch. It is from these shoots that fruit is to be expected. These productive shoots will in a few years become very numerous, and many of them must be taken off, particularly the strongest,...
Page 116 - ... and leave no production that can interfere with the action of the- sap on it. " 4 The more the sap is obstructed in its circulation, the more likely it will be to produce fruit-buds.
Page 117 - When we wish to produce fruit buds on a branch, we prevent a free circulation of the sap by bending the branches, or by making annular or circular incisions on it; and on the contrary, when we wish to change a fruit branch...
Page 105 - As treee are ordinarily taken from the ground, the roots are bruised, broken or mutilated to a greater or less extent. This obviously destroys the natural balance or proportion that existed between the roots and stem, and in such a condition the tree is unable to grow. The demand upon the roots must, therefore, be lessened by reducing the stem and branches in length or number, or both, and the more the roots have suffered the greater must be the reduction of the stem and branches to bring them to...

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