Oxford University Press, 2018 - Concrete (Philosophy) - 223 pages
Necessary Existence breaks ground on one of the deepest questions anyone ever asks: why is there anything? The classic answer is in terms of a necessary foundation. Yet, why think that is the correct answer? Pruss and Rasmussen present an original defence of the hypothesis that there is aconcrete necessary being capable of providing a foundation for the existence of things. They offer six main arguments divided into six chapters. The first argument is an up-to-date presentation and assessment of a traditional causal-based argument from contingency. The next five arguments are new"possibility-based" arguments that make use of twentieth century advances in modal logic. The arguments present possible pathways to an intriguing and far-reaching conclusion. The final chapter answers the most challenging objection to the existence of necessary things.Other books on the subject focus almost exclusively on critiquing or revitalizing one or more traditional cosmological or ontological arguments. Or they engage in examining the latest arguments for a distinctively theistic explanation of contingent reality. Pruss and Rasmussen develop entirely newlines of inquiry. And they appeal to a broader audience by relating the question to contemporary issues in cosmology and ontology, without proposing or critiquing a particular theological perspective. Their book will be of value to anyone whose interests intersect with the classic issue of necessaryexistence.
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Metaphysical Possibility and Necessity
An Argument from Contingency
An Argument from Possible Causes
From Possible Causes II
From Modal Uniformity
From Necessary Abstracta to Necessary Concreta
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abstract object accessibility relation actual world affairs argue Argument from Contingency atomic axioms basic begin to obtain Beginning of Contingency Big Fact Brouwer causal power Chapter claim conceivability conclusion concrete entities concrete objects consider contingent concrete things contingent entities contingent existence contingent fact contingent reality contingent things cosmological arguments counterexamples defeasible entails essentially example exemplified exists necessarily explanatory principle external cause finite number follows Gödelian argument hence impossible independent reason infer infinite instance intuition iPhone least limitation metaphysical nihilism metaphysically possible modal logic modal uniformity necessary concrete thing necessary existence necessary things necessary truths necessity negation negative number of concrete one's ontological argument ontology option particles philosophers plausible plural quantification plurality positive property possible world possibly true premise problem proposition Pruss reason to think relevant Reply restricted seems semantic sentence skeptical Socrates someone spacetime Subtraction Argument suppose theorem theory truthbearers uncaused event weak causal principle