What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought

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Yale University Press, Jan 27, 2009 - Education - 288 pages
Critics of intelligence tests writers such as Robert Sternberg, Howard Gardner, and Daniel Goleman have argued in recent years that these tests neglect important qualities such as emotion, empathy, and interpersonal skills. However, such critiques imply that though intelligence tests may miss certain key noncognitive areas, they encompass most of what is important in the cognitive domain. In this book, Keith E. Stanovich challenges this widely held assumption.Stanovich shows that IQ tests (or their proxies, such as the SAT) are radically incomplete as measures of cognitive functioning. They fail to assess traits that most people associate with good thinking, skills such as judgment and decision making. Such cognitive skills are crucial to real-world behavior, affecting the way we plan, evaluate critical evidence, judge risks and probabilities, and make effective decisions. IQ tests fail to assess these skills of rational thought, even though they are measurable cognitive processes. Rational thought is just as important as intelligence, Stanovich argues, and it should be valued as highly as the abilities currently measured on intelligence tests.
 

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User Review  - KidSisyphus - LibraryThing

Dear Psychology, I really wanna be friends. You ALWAYS have the answers and are so much smarter than me. But, well, with your "cognitive miser," "fluid intelligence" and "myopic loss aversion," you ... Read full review

What intelligence tests miss: the psychology of rational thought

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Stanovich (human development & applied psychology, Univ. of Toronto; How To Think Straight About Psychology) argues that IQ tests measure cognitive efficiency but not the degree to which subjects make ... Read full review

Contents

Inside George W Bushs Mind Hints at What IQ Tests Miss
1
Dysrationalia Separating Rationality and Intelligence
8
The Reflective Mind the Algorithmic Mind and the Autonomous Mind
20
Cutting Intelligence Down to Size
45
Why Intelligent People Doing Foolish Things Is No Surprise
59
The Cognitive Miser Ways to Avoid Thinking
70
Framing and the Cognitive Miser
86
Myside Processing Heads I WinTails I Win Too
101
Mindware Gaps
129
Contaminated Mindware
152
How Many Ways Can Thinking Go Wrong? A Taxonomy of Irrational Thinking Tendencies and Their Relation to Intelligence
172
The Social Benefits of Increasing Human Rationalityand Meliorating Irrationality
195
Notes
213
Bibliography
243
Index
303
Copyright

A Different Pitfall of the Cognitive Miser Thinking a Lot but Losing
115

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About the author (2009)

Keith E. Stanovich is professor of human development and applied psychology, University of Toronto. He is author of "How to Think Straight about Psychology" and "The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin," among other books. He lives in Portland, OR.

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