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Antarctic Antarctic Circle Antarctic Ocean anti-cyclone appear Arctic Circle Arctic Ocean Arctic regions Aurora Borealis berg Bernacchi blow burning volcano Cape Adare Cape Chelyuskin Cape Sheridan caused centre clouds coast colored snow comet compass curve dark dead water direction display drift dust earth is hollow east electricity exploding volcano explorers fact farther farthest point north fire floes freeze fresh water frozen glacier gravity Greely Greenland horizon hundred miles ice-pressure icebergs interior Kane Lake Hazen land latitude light magnetic meteors months musk-ox Nansen says nearly needle North Pole northwest open sea open water passing Peary pressure produce proved reach reflection rocks round sailing seemed seen ship shooting stars solid speaks strong summer supposed pole surface temperature terior theory tidal waves tion traveling tricity warm warmer water-sky weather wind winter zenith
Page 170 - Among such facts are the following: "1. It was approached by a channel entirely free from ice, having a length of fifty-two and a mean width of thirty-six geographical miles. "2. The coast-ice along the water-line of this channel had been completely destroyed by thaw and water action, while an unbroken belt of solid ice, one hundred and twenty-two miles in diameter, extended to the south. "3. A gale from the northeast, of fifty-four NORTHERN ENTRANCE. Globe showing entrance to the interior of the...
Page 201 - M. scutellatus (fig. 1). each side of the thorax is armed with a short thick spine. The length of the insect varies from three-quarters of an inch to an inch and a half — the average size being over an inch ; the antennae of the males vary in length from one and a half to three inches ; those of the female are somewhat shorter. The larva is a large, white, ttomewhat cylindrical grub, destitute of feet.
Page 266 - The neighbourhood of great fjords is always indicated by a change in the wind's direction ; and the crossing of a divide, by an area of calm or variable winds, followed by...
Page 146 - It occurs where a surfacelayer of fresh water rests upon the salt water of the sea, and this fresh water is carried along with the ship, gliding on the heavier sea beneath as if on a fixed foundation.
Page 220 - It is an Arctic Sahara, in comparison with which the African Sahara is insignificant. For on this frozen Sahara of inner Greenland occurs no form of life, animal or vegetable ; no fragment of rock, no grain of sand is visible. The traveller across its frozen wastes, travelling as I have week after week, sees, outside of himself and his own party, but three things in all the world, namely, the infinite expanse of the frozen plain, the infinite dome of the cold blue sky, and the cold white sun, —...
Page 90 - Presently it shimmers in tongues of flame over the very zenith, and then again it shoots a bright ray up from the horizon, until the whole melts away in the moonlight, and it is as though one heard the sigh of a departing spirit. Here and there are left a few waving streamers of light, vague as a foreboding — they are the dust from the aurora's glittering cloak.
Page 239 - Giant blocks pitched and rolled as though controlled by invisible hands, and the vast compressing bodies shrieked a shrill and horrible song that curdled the blood. On came the frozen waves, nearer and nearer. Seams ran and rattled across them with a thundering boom, while silent and awe-struck we watched their terrible progress.
Page 175 - We find this a much warmer country than we expected. From Cape Alexander the mountains on either side of the Kennedy Channel and Robeson's Strait we found entirely bare of snow and ice, with the exception of a glacier that we saw covering, about latitude 80° 30...
Page 211 - It had a fine, deep-rose hue, not at all like the brown stain which I noticed when I was here before. All the gorges and ravines in which the snow had lodged were deeply tinted with it. I had no difficulty now in justifying the somewhat poetical nomenclature which Sir John Franklin applied to this locality; for if the snowy surface were more diffused, as it is no doubt earlier in the season, crimson would be the prevailing color.
Page 63 - As the surface of the glacier receded to the south, its face seemed broken with piles of earth and rock-stained rubbish, till far back in the interior it was hidden from me by the slope of a hill. Still beyond this, however, the white blink or glare of the sky above showed its continued extension.