Professional recollections on points of seamanship, discipline, &c

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Page 13 - If a vessel should approach the shore with this sea anchor down, it would enable her to bring-to with her proper anchors much easier than if the sea anchor had not been down. She might let go her proper anchors and veer from the sea anchor until she had sufficient cable out, which would give her a much better chance of holding. The sea anchor should have a buoy and a buoy-rope sufficiently long to go well under the trough of the sea.
Page 13 - A proper net would be preferable to a rope so expended. To the base of the triangle attach a weight or small anchor, supported in the centre of the base by a span running from each of the lower angles. To the first-mentioned spans make fast the stream cable ; when everything is quite ready, hoist it overboard, from the place you think it -will answer best. There is every reason to believe, with this anchor under the trough of the sea and 70 or 80 fathoms of stream cable out, that a ship's drift would...
Page 12 - This anchor may frequently be of the greatest possible use, and may be made in the following manner : Take three spare spars (top-gallant studding-sail booms will be sufficiently large), with these form a triangle, the size you think will be large enough, when under water, to hold the ship ; cut these spars to the required length, before or after cross-lashing them well at each angle ; then make fast your spans, one to each angle, so that they will bear an equal strain when in the water ; but should...
Page 235 - ... whether the vessel be coming to or falling off ; so also is the greater or less noise or whistling of the wind. As the vessel comes to against the helm, it will feel heavier ; and the wind coming more forward will appear stronger : on the contrary, as she goes off and gives way to the power of the helm, it eases in the hand ; and by the wind's drawing aft, it appears to lessen. These circumstances, to an attentive and nice observer, mark the motion of the vessel sooner than the compass.
Page 196 - It was blowing too hard to attempt to warp her off shore, and the ship was too near the rocks to make sail from, therefore, between the squalls, we agreed to try the following plan - with the stream-cable, we made a spring from aft on the port side, to the riding cable; a sufficient number of men were sent aloft to have the double-reefed topsails, and the courses ready for letting fall at a moment's warning; the topsail sheets and halliards were all well manned, and taut for a run; the spring was...
Page 93 - ... of three-quarter inch diameter, which must be severally clinched. Cut scores for eight wooldings, and woold away with well-stretched rope, of two-and-a-half inch. The yard may then be replaced aloft. There will be found no necessity for studding-sail booms, or other spare spars. 399.— EXPECTATION OF LOSING A LOWER MAST. Every vessel should have a spare lower cap on board ; it should be in two parts (for the convenience of stowing), with bolts for securing it together. In the event of losing...
Page 93 - ... CARRYING AWAY A JIB-BOOM. Send down the fore-topgallant-yard, and house the fore-topgallant-mast; use the fore-topmast staysail-halliards, and lee-forebowline, for securing and getting in the wreck. 398.— TO FISH A LOWER YARD IN THE SHORTEST TIME. Incalculable are the evils which may result to a vessel from the springing or snapping of a lower yard, especially the fore one.
Page 200 - ... the strain, which is not the case with the lee-sheet kept fast and tack let go. In taking in a topsail, I therefore ease off the lee-sheet so far as not to shake the sail, and haul up the lee-clewline and buntline ; then ease off the weathersheet, and clew all up, attending to the weather brace to humour the sail ; by this means the sail is taken in with scarcely a shake, and the lee-clewline and buntline being well up before the weather-sheet is started; keep the sail more to windward, and as...
Page 93 - Hollow out, so as to fit the cylindrical surface of the yard, two spare-anchor stock-pieces ; in doing which, a depth of two or three inches will suffice. Place one piece on the top, and the other secured to the under part of the yard. Towards their extremities dub down the superfluous wood, and round the edges ready to receive the requisite wooldings.
Page 94 - ... booms, &c., to make up the form of the yard. When the different spars are so placed as to overrun each other in the best possible way, they are then well woolded together, and the yard is formed. " The rolling of the ship makes it frequently difficult to keep the spars together, till woolded; in which case it is better to lay any inferior pieces on the deck, as skids, and fix the lower ends...

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