Early Chinese Work in Natural Science: A Re-examination of the Physics of Motion, Acoustics, Astronomy and Scientific Thoughts
This book re-examines the nature of early Chinese work in natural science, on the basis of original records analysis and artifacts discovered in recent decades by archaeological explorations of China's past. It presents a concise account of early scientific ideas and thoughts of nature, and their effect on the development of natural science. It is suggested that the traditional characterization of early Chinese work in natural science requires substantial modification. The absence of early Chinese participation in the development of 'modern' science is not, as commonly assumed, a consequence of lacking early scientific tradition in ancient China. It is argued that the concept of 'inhibitive' factors is dubious without taking their dynamical relationships into account, and that socio-economical and political influence has to be considered when seeking answers to the major setbacks in science and technology in China. The book also shows that there is no basis for the claims saying that acoustics and astronomy in China have their roots in Babylon.
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5th century ancient Chinese astronomical astronomical reform Babylonian bell binary Book of Master calendar celestial Chen Zi Chen Zi's formula China Chinese civilization chromatic scales concept core notes cyclic derived diameter discussed dynasty early Chinese earth Equation equatorial Figure Gai-Tian given gnomon gong gou-gu Greek Gudn harmonic ratios heptatonic Huang-zhong Hun-Tian intercalation procedure interpretation intervals intonation Joseph Needham Kang Xi Lu-Shi Chun-Qiu major major second mathematical measurements method minor sixth mode-keys Mohist motion musical acoustics musical instruments Needham and Robinson observational octave octave circle passage pentatonic scale perfect fifth perfect fourth pitch-pipes probably relation scientific semitones shadow length Shang dynasty Shang Gao shdng sound stars sun's tai-ji model telescope tone qualities twelve pitches unearthed up-and-down principle Xuan-Ye ydng Yi Jing ym-ydng zeng Zhou Zhou-Bi