The Sikhs of the Punjab, Volumes 2-3
This important new contribution to the New Cambridge History of India examines chronologically the entire span of Sikh history from prehistoric times to the present day. In an introductory chapter, Professor Grewal surveys the changing pattern of human settlements in the Punjab until the fifteenth century and the emergence of the Punjabi language as the basis of regional articulation. Subsequent chapters explore the life and beliefs of Guru Nanak--the founder of Sikhism; the extension and modification of his ideas by his successors; the increasing number and composition of their followers and the development of Sikh self identity. Professor Grewal also analyzes the emergence of Sikhism in relation to the changing historical situation of Turko-Afghan rule, the Mughal empire and its disintegration, British rule and independence.
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There is a caption below one of his most eminent cavalry general sardar Gurmukh Singh Lamba Izat-i- Sardari, who was wounded fifteen times.His potrait painting is displayed at"Central Musum Lahore"at serial D-40 and the caption displayed below read as
........"His popularity in occured the enmity of the* Main brothers.Who by their influnce over the Ranjit Singh reduced Gurmukh Singh powers. On death bed Ranjit Singh is said to have realised the wrong done to his faithful follower and commissioned his son Kharak Singh to restore his former Jagirs"
......Another similair reference is also available in the bookChief of Punjab by Sir Henery Lepel Griffen page 38......" Onhis death bed the Maharaja feeling some what remose for his shameless ingratitudy and ordered his son Kharak to restore sardar power and wealth.".
2.This some what have been left by the Sikh history historians.It is a unparallel example in the history where an empire on death bed so concerened about his fellow men.This great character qality of the Maharaja has not been highlighted as per the caption avaible the Central Museum Lahore.
*Main brother reffered to Dogra Raja's Dhain and Gulalab Singh. Sardar defeated their father Main Kishora Singh and was not cooperating with the Dogra Raja's on issues againest Sarkar Khalsa. At one time sardar annual Jagirs were over 3.5 lac of Rupees.
The TurkoAfghan rule
Foundation of the Sikh Panth
Evolution of the Sikh Panth15391606
Transformation of the Sikh Panth 16061708
s Rise to political power 17081799
The Sikh empire 17991849
Recession and resurgence 18491919