Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole: Logic Or the Art of Thinking
Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole were philosophers and theologians associated with Port-Royal Abbey, a center of the Catholic Jansenist movement in seventeenth-century France. Their enormously influential Logic or the Art of Thinking, which went through five editions in their lifetimes, treats topics in logic, language, theory of knowledge and metaphysics, and also articulates the response of "heretical" Jansenist Catholicism to orthodox Catholic and Protestant views on grace, free will and the sacraments. This edition presents a new translation of the text, together with a historical introduction and suggestions for further reading.
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angles animal Antoine Arnauld apply argument Aristotle Arnauld and Nicole attribute Augustine authors axiom believe body called cause CHAPTER Cicero classified clear common completely complex terms conceive conclusion connected Consequently consider contained contrary defined definitions demonstrated denied Descartes discourse distinct idea enthymeme equivocal error everything evil example explain expressed faith false falsity figure follows genus geometers human indicate infer Jansenists judge judgments kind Loeb Classical Library logic major premise matter meaning middle term mind minor term mode moods motion namely nature necessary negation negative proposition never nominal definitions nouns particular person philosophers Pierre Nicole Port-Royal Port-Royal Logic principle properly speaking prove quod reason relative pronoun rules saint Saint-Cyran sense signify someone sophism Sorbonne soul species subordinate proposition substance syllogisms taken particularly taken universally things thought triangle true truth verb words XI XI