The Biology of Island Floras

Front Cover
David Bramwell, Juli Caujapé-Castells
Cambridge University Press, Jul 21, 2011 - Science - 536 pages
Oceanic islands offer biologists unparalleled opportunities to study evolutionary processes and ecological phenomena. However, human activity threatens to alter or destroy many of these fragile ecosystems, with recent estimates suggesting that nearly half of the world's insular endemics are threatened with extinction. Bringing together researchers from around the world, this book illustrates how modern research methods and new concepts have challenged accepted theories and changed our understanding of island flora. Particular attention is given to the impact of molecular studies and the insights that they provide into topics such as colonisation, radiation, diversification and hybridisation. Examples are drawn from around the world, including the Hawaiian archipelago, Galapagos Islands, Madagascar and the Macronesian region. Conservation issues are also highlighted, with coverage of alien species and the role of ex situ conservation providing valuable information that will aid the formulation of management strategies and genetic rescue programmes.
 

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Contents

GonzálezMancebo Departamento de Biología Vegetal Universidad
9
The reproductive biology of island plants
11
Spatial methodologies in historical biogeography of islands
37
new patterns
57
Origin and evolution of Galapagos endemic vascular plants
89
a review of
154
Francisco Jiménez Jardín Botánico Nacional Apartado Postal 219 Santo
161
Melissa Abdo 1 Center for Tropical Plant Conservation Fairchild Tropical
172
a molecular outlook
284
Endemism and evolution in Macaronesian and Mediterranean
325
Dispersal diversity and evolution of the Macaronesian cryptogamic
338
Invasive alien species and islands
365
Ecology demography and conservation in the Galapagos
385
New directions and challenges for the conservation of the flora
425
Colin Clubbe The Herbarium Royal Botanic Gardens Kew Richmond Surrey
426
Climate change and island floras
443

Kesler Folius Consulting 467 S Main Street Camp Hill AL 36850
174
The biogeography of Madagascar palms
179
archipelago Yemen
197
Biogeography and conservation of the flora of New Caledonia
226
Phytogeography and relationships of the Pitcairn Islands flora
239
Chromosomes and evolution in New Zealand endemic angiosperms
265
Conservation status of endemic plants on Isla del Coco Costa
452
Botanical gardens and the conservation of island floras
474
The hazardous future of island floras
488
Index
511
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About the author (2011)

David Bramwell is Director of the Jardín Botánico Canario 'Viera y Clavijo'- Unidad Asociada CSIC. His current research interests include the monitoring and mapping of wild populations of threatened species, the preparation of a Flora of the Macaronesia, mapping species decline worldwide, molecular studies of genetic diversity in small populations and the effects of climate change on island plants.

Juli Caujapé-Castells is Head of the Department of Molecular Biodiversity and DNA bank at the Jardín Botánico Canario 'Viera y Clavijo'- Unidad Asociada CSIC. His research uses molecular data to investigate problems related to the origins, taxonomic identification, microevolution and conservation of terrestrial vascular plants endemic to, or occurring in, Macaronesia.

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