Ancient Greek Portrait Sculpture: Contexts, Subjects, and Styles

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 24, 2006 - Art - 217 pages
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This book offers a new approach to the history of Greek portraiture by focusing on portraits without names. Comprehensively illustrated, it brings together a wide range of evidence that has never before been studied as a group. Sheila Dillon considers the few original bronze and marble portrait statues preserved from the Classical and Hellenistic periods together with the large number of Greek portraits known only through Roman 'copies'. In focusing on a series of images that have previously been ignored, Dillon investigates the range of strategies and modes utilized in these portraits to construct their subject's identity. Her methods undermine two basic tenets of Greek portraiture: first, that is was only in the late Hellenistic period, under Roman influence, that Greek portraits exhibited a wide range of styles, including descriptive realism; and second, that in most cases, one can easily tell a subject's public role - that is, whether he is a philosopher of an orator - from the visual traits used in this portrait. The sculptures studied here instead show that the proliferation of portrait styles takes place much earlier, in the late Classical period; and that the identity encoded in these portraits is much more complex and layered than has previously been realized. Despite the fact that these portraits lack the one feature most prized by scholars of ancient portraiture - a name - they are evidence of utmost importance for the history of Greek portraiture.
 

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Contents

0521854989app1
131
Budapest Musee des BeauxArts
145
Copenhagen National Museum
153
APPENDIX
166
gravestone of Ktesileos
7
Making Portraits of the Greeks
15
PORTRAITURE
61
bronze head of Antikythera philosopher 67 116
67
Corinth Archaeological Museum
108
Gottingen Archaologisches Institut der Universitat
114
Athens Agora Museum Bologna Museo Civico
117
cat
204
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About the author (2006)

Sheila Dillon is Associate Professor in the Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies at Duke University, with a secondary appointment in the Department of Classical Studies. She is the author of The Female Portrait Statue in the Greek World (2010) and co-editor of A Companion to Women in the Ancient World (2012).

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