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3d person a'lta accent adverbs aorist appears augmentative consonantism basket canoe Chinook Language Chinook Texts Chinookan consonants Coyote dance Demonstrative adverb demonstrative pronoun demonstrative stem dialects diminutive consonantism directive prefix distributive e'wa Edward Sapir Examples expressed feminine FRANZ BOAS frequently future gender guardian spirit iau'a ibid ide'lxam incl indicates intr intransitive isklu'lya itclE'xyan Kathlamet Kathlamet Texts kumm literally Lower Chinook Ma'nix5 masc neuter noise nominal note 54 noun prefix noun stem occur onomatopoetic particle verb personal pronoun phonetic possessive pronoun post-position preceding predicate probably pronominal elements pronominal prefixes referring reflexive Sahaptin salmon Sapir second person seems shaman shaman song sick significance sing Singular Plural soul sound subj suffix tense prefix third person masculine third person plural thou transitive subject transitive verb Upper Chinook usitative velar verb stem verbal prefix verbal stems vowel Wishram Texts
Page 645 - I struck him with it.' If the verb-stem -tcim appears, with diminutive consonantism, as -tsim, it implies that the person struck is small; if the verbal prefix...
Page 566 - Weakening and strengthening of consonants. Only the first two of these laws are purely phonetic, while the others are restricted to certain grammatical forms. Groups 2-5 are changes due to contact phenomena. Effects of Accent (§§ 5, 6) The accent affects the character of the vowel upon which it falls and modifies consonants in so far as certain consonants or consonantic clusters are not tolerated when they precede the accent. On the whole, these changes are confined to the Lower Chinook, but they...
Page 556 - Case Shelf HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY OF THE PEABODY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ARCHEOLOGY AND ETHNOLOGY GIFT OF LOMBARD C. JONES (AB 1887, MD 1890) FALMOUTH, MASSACHUSETTS Received December 7, 1919 PUBLISHERS