A Handbook of Greek Constitutional History
The democratic principle in its extreme form is the assertation that the mere fact of free birth is alone sufficient to constitute a claim to all offices. It is never the claim of a majority to rule, but it is the demand that every one, whether rich or poor, high- or low-born, shall be equally represented in the constitution. This is what Aristotle calls the principle of numerical equality.-from "Chapter VI: Democracy"One of the most renowned classical scholars of the turn of the 20th century here offers a lucid and highly readable overview of a difficult and little understood aspect of Greek history: its public law, not just how it was structured but how it behaved in action. This 1896 book-perfect for university students, amateur historians, and readers of the history of the law-covers the full range of Greek legal development, from the origin of the city-state and the beginnings of the Greek monarchy to the social and political institutions of the far-flung Greek civilization to the rise of federalism and its long-term historical impact on the cultures that came after.British classical scholar A.H.J. GREENIDGE was a lecturer in ancient history at Brasenose College, Oxford. He is also the author of Roman Public and Private Law (1894), Legal Procedure in Cicero's Time (1901), and Roman Public Life (1901), among many other works of ancient history.
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CLASSIFICATION OF CONSTITUTIONS OLIGARCHY
Conception of oligarchy 60 Instability of this form of government
Decline of the monarchy and early history of the arehonship 135 The
Tub Athenian Empire
Origin of the second Athenian confederacy 204 Conditions of
What constitutes a federal government 220 Fenerations of cities
system of Arcadia 229 Federalism becomes the normal type of polity
union dissolution revival and extension of the league 231 Con
political civilisation replaces Greek in Southern Italy and Sicily 250
Spartas position in Laeonia 78 Origin of the Perioeci 78 Ethnic ele
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Achaean Achaean league administrative allies amongst amphictyony Apella appears Archons Areiopagus Argos Arist aristocracy Aristotle assembly Athenian Athens Attica body Boeotia character chief cities citizens citizenship civilisation clan Cleisthenes colonies confederacy conquest constitution Corinth council court decree democracy democratic demos despotism distinction Dorian duties early ecclesia election element empire Ephors Eupatrids existence federal fifth century foreign form of government fourth century functions Gerousia Greece Greek political Greek world Hellenic helots Herodotus Hicks hoplites independent individual influence institutions Ionian jurisdiction king Laconia land later league legislator magistrates Megara Messenia military monarchy nobles oligarchy organisation origin Peisistratidae Peisistratus Peloponnese Peloponnesian Peloponnesian War perhaps period perioeci permanent phratry popular possessed presidency principle privileged probably recognised religious represented rule seems settlement Sicyon Solon sometimes Sparta Strabo tendency theory Thessaly tion treaty tribes tyranny tyrant union votes worship
Page 4 - subordinated the individual to the state,' is only a fiction in the sense that it was a theory which did not always square with the facts of political life. As a genuine theory, the realisation of which was consistently pursued by philosophers if not by legislators, it runs through the whole of Greek political thought.
Page 10 - Timarch. the product of a government ; he only faintly appealed to the gods, and, while giving law a divine character, rarely in the historical period gave it a directly divine origin. The charge that Greek law lacked an authoritative character is therefore not unnatural ; but it is wrongly stated when it is implied that the Greek looked on his state as an "oracle of spiritual truth," as a " parochial Sinai," as a Pope who could not be