Biodiversity in Dead Wood
Cambridge University Press, Apr 26, 2012 - Science - 509 pages
Fossils document the existence of trees and wood-associated organisms from almost 400 million years ago, and today there are between 400,000 and 1 million wood-inhabiting species in the world. This is the first book to synthesise the natural history and conservation needs of wood-inhabiting organisms. Presenting a thorough introduction to biodiversity in decaying wood, the book studies the rich diversity of fungi, insects and vertebrates that depend upon dead wood. It describes the functional diversity of these organisms and their specific habitat requirements in terms of host trees, decay phases, tree dimensions, microhabitats and the surrounding environment. Recognising the threats posed by timber extraction and forest management, the authors also present management options for protecting and maintaining the diversity of these species in forests as well as in agricultural landscapes and urban parks.
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11 Species diversity of saproxylic organisms
12 Natural forest dynamics
13 Dead wood and sustainable forest management
14 Population dynamics and evolutionary strategies
15 Threatened saproxylic species
16 Dead wood in agricultural and urban habitats
17 The value and future of saproxylic diversity
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areas ascomycetes associated bacteria bark beetles basidiomycetes beetle species biodiversity Boddy boreal forests branches broadleaved trees cavities cell wall cellulose Chapter cies Coleoptera colonization coniferous conifers Conservation dead wood decay stages decaying wood decomposition degradation detritivores diameter Diptera dispersal diversity dynamics ecosystem enzymes epixylic extinction factors feed Figure fire forest management fossil fruiting bodies fungal fungivores fungus genera groups habitat heartwood hemicellulose hollow host trees host-tree important inner bark insects invertebrates landscape large number larvae lignin living trees logs longhorn beetles managed forests microhabitats mortality natural forests nest Nordic countries Norway spruce number of species occur ofForest ofthe parasitic parasitoids plants polypore population predators Ranius recently dead trees red-listed regions saproxylic beetles saproxylic species sapwood Siitonen snags species richness spores sporocarps spruce stand Stokland structure studies substrate temperate termites tion tree species tropical trunk types typically white-rot wood decomposers wood-decaying fungi woody material