Dilemmas of Transition in Post-Soviet Countries

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2003 - Business & Economics - 202 pages
Exploring the tensions inherent in transition, this perceptive book offers a wide-ranging overview of the impact of democracy and capitalism on the former Soviet republics. Leading scholars assess the region's daunting problems in the key realms of privatization, democratization, foreign investment, agrarian reform, local governance, and market economics. Their analysis is enriched with a wealth of original data based on field research in Russia, Lithuania, and Kyrgystan. The contributors argue that the central dilemma facing all these fledgling countries is the inherent contradiction between the immediate pursuit of privatization and foreign investment and the long-term policy goal of democratization. The book focuses especially on how the Communist past and its authoritarian legacy still powerfully hinder economic transformation in ways that build public support for and legitimacy of democratic processes and institutions. Offering both theoretical and comparative perspectives on the far-reaching implications of nation-building and democratic transition, this valuable study will enable both students and scholars to comprehend the unique difficulties of transition.
 

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Contents

Dilemmas of Transition in PostSoviet Countries
1
THE RUSSIAN SCENARIO OF 19982001
5
ORIGINS OF THE DILEMMA
9
FOREIGN INVESTMENT PRIVATIZATION AND DEMOCRATIZATION
14
CONCLUSION
25
NOTES
26
REFERENCES
27
Neoliberalism and Market Reforms in Rural Russia
31
LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE SOVIET UNION
101
LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN POSTSOVIET RUSSIA
103
CONCLUSIONS
111
MORE RECENT TRENDS
117
NOTES
120
REFERENCES
121
Privatization and Democratization in Lithuania A Case Study of Who Benefits in Siauliai
127
WHO BENEFITS?
128

CONCEPTUAL MODELS
33
NEOLIBERALISM AND MARKET REFORMS
37
Domestic WholesaleFood Trade Policy
38
Purchase Prices
40
Terms of Trade
41
Capital Investment Policy
42
Economic Consequences
43
Social Consequences
44
THE POLITICS OF STATE WITHDRAWAL
45
TRENDS UNDER PUTIN
51
CONCLUSION
52
NOTES
54
REFERENCES
56
Winding Down? International Assistance to the Former Soviet Union
61
AID CONDITIONALITIES
63
Geographic
66
Timing
67
CONDITIONS ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO THE FORMER SOVIET UNION
68
GERMANY
70
EUROPEAN UNION
74
Program Prioritization
77
GERMANY
79
EUROPEAN UNION
81
Timing
83
EUROPEAN UNION
85
Graduation
87
GERMANY
88
EUROPEAN UNION
89
INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE IN THE PUTIN ERA
91
CONCLUSION
93
NOTES
94
REFERENCES
96
Economic Resources and Political Power at the Local Level in PostSoviet Russia
99
THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES
130
THE POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES
133
DENIAL OF VOICE?
138
SIAULIAIS URBAN REGIME
142
SIAULIAIS URBAN REGIME IN THE 2000s
144
IMPLICATIONS FOR THEORY
146
NOTES
148
REFERENCES
149
Do Russias Regions Really Want Outside Investment? Special Economic Zones and OffShores in PostSoviet Russia
151
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN RUSSIA
152
INTERNAL OFFSHORES
155
FEDERAL POLICY TOWARD FREE ECONOMIC ZONES AND OFFSHORES
157
NOTES
160
REFERENCES
161
The Personal Risks of Party Development
163
PARTIES IN THE POSTSOVIET CONTEXT
164
General Institutional Cultural and Economic Obstacles
165
ECONOMIC OBSTACLES
167
CULTURAL OBSTACLES
168
LIMITED ECONOMIC AUTONOMY
169
REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
170
SOURCES OF ECONOMIC AUTONOMY
172
SAMARA AND ULIANOVSK
173
OSH AND NARYN
174
MARKET REFORM AND DEMOCRATIZATION
176
Market Reform and Economic Autonomy
178
Policy Implications
179
NOTES
180
REFERENCES
183
Contributors
185
Index
187
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About the author (2003)

Joel C. Moses is professor emeritus of political science at Iowa State University.

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