Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek: Have- and Be- Constructions
Ancient Greek is commonly considered a 'synthetic' or 'inflectional' language, that is, a language with a high morpheme-per-word ratio. Nevertheless, already at the earliest stages of the language one finds traces of multi-word 'periphrastic' constructions similar to those in the modern European languages, as in ἦν *gινό#uεν α, 'it was happening', or ἔχει ἀτι#uά*sας , 'he has dishonoured'. Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek offers a systematic investigation of periphrastic constructions with the verbs 'to be' and 'to have' based on an extensive corpus of texts, ranging from the eighth century BC to the eighth century AD. It clarifies the notions of 'verbal periphrasis' and 'adjectival periphrasis' from a theoretical point of view, and offers a broad introduction to a selection of recent advancements in linguistics. It includes a diachronic analysis which investigates constructions in all three main aspectual domains-perfect aspect, imperfective aspect, and perfective aspect-combining a qualitative with a quantitative approach. In doing so, the volume presents a substantial contribution to our understanding of the ancient Greek verbal system and its development over time.
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Verbal and Adjectival Periphrasis
Conclusion to Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek
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adjective Aerts Ancient Greek åNìß aorist participle argued Aristot Aristotelic corpus aspectual aspectual function attested Baillière BC V–IV BC Bertinetto Biography/hagiography Björck Bybee Cassius Dio Clarendon Press Classical Greek Classical period Compare context corpus Hippocratic corpus corpus IV BC Demosthenes denote diachronic Dietrich 1973a Dionysius of Halicarnassus durative progressive dynamic verbs eiuſ eiut expressed focalized progressive frequently grammaticalization Herodotus Hippocratic corpus Hippocratic Historiography imperfective Isocrates John Malalas language linguistic Littré notes occurs ŒÆd Oeuvres papyri Paris passive voice Pausanias perfect aspect perfect of current perfect of persistence perfect participle periphrastic construction periphrastic form plètes d’Hippocrate present participle PROG progressive function prototypical refers regard resultative perfect scholars Scientific prose semantic Septuagint similar examples Soph synthetic perfect Table temporal tense texts Töv transitivity typically V–IV BC V–IV verbal periphrasis verbs W.D. Ross Xenophon εἰμί ἔχω καὶ