Structures of Participation in Digital Culture
Social Science Research Council, 2007 - Computers - 284 pages
Digital technologies are engines of cultural innovation, from the virtualization of group networks and social identities to the digital convergence of textural and audio-visual media. User-centered content production, from Wikipedia and YouTube to Open Source, has become the emblem of this transformation, but the changes run deeper and wider than these novel organizational forms.
Digital culture is also about the transformation of what it means to be a creator within a vast and growing reservoir of media, data, computational power, and communicative possibilities. We have few tools and models for understanding the power of databases, network representations, filtering techniques, digital rights management, and other new architectures of agency and control. We have even fewer accounts of how these new capacities have transformed our shared cultures and our understanding of and capacities to act within them. This volume addresses these issues and supplies the demand for a comprehensive critical framework that places these developments in context.
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Wikipedia has been used as an example of paradigm shift in the production of
knowledge goods, from production by hierarchical organizations (e.g., firms) to
what Yochai Benkler (2002) calls the rise of "commons-based peer production," ...
(Wikipedia FAQ, 2005) This set of claims should be read as Wikipedia's central
social and episte- mological hypothesis: Unstructured collaborative authorship
yields not just community, but quality. No one doubts that significant parts of ...
For Larry Sanger (2004), a Wikipedia founder and subsequent critic of the open
editorial process, this belief is inseparable from a broader anti-elitism in the
Wikipedia community, which not only insists on the invisibility of credentials but
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Notes on Contagious Media 158
Picturing the Public 164
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