This text takes a critical look at various explanations of crime: it examines the clarity of concepts and hypotheses, the evidence for a theory of crime production, and the consequences of applying a theory. The author probes into the concept of 'wrong,' the concern with crime, and the definition of crime. Official and unofficial procedures for counting crime are examined. The correlation between social conditions and criminal activity is discussed. The various explanations of crime focus on the theories of rational crime, crime and conflict, structures of opportunity, subcultures and crime, definitions of situations of crime (differential association and societal reaction), sociopsychological explanations (control theory), and criminogenic conditions. References and indexes are appended.
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Crimes and Other Wrongs l
Concern with Crime
Definition of Crime
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action acts American anomie answer arrest association assumption automobile theft behavior boys burglary Canada causal causes cities citizens committed conception conduct conflict conflict criminology control theory conviction correlation counting course court crime rates criminal activity criminal law criminogenic criminology culture defined definition deterrence differential effects ethnic example explanations of crime fact factors findings focal concerns groups Hirschi human hypothesis idea illegitimacy increase individuals interpretation juvenile delinquency kinds of crime labeling labeling theory larceny less M'Naghten rule M'Naghten's males means measures moral murder Nettler offenses official statistics percent person police political population preferences proportion punishment question radical criminology rape rational records reported response result robbery sample self-report sentence serious crimes social class Social Psychology society sociological sociologists status stealing studies subcultural symbolic interactionism theft theory United urban validity variables varies victims violence wrong