Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

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Oxford University Press, 2016 - Philosophy, Medieval - 141 pages
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For many of us, the term 'medieval philosophy' conjures up the figure of Thomas Aquinas, and is closely intertwined with religion. In this Very Short Introduction John Marenbon shows how medieval philosophy had a far broader reach than the thirteenth and fourteenth-century universities of
Christian Europe, and is instead one of the most exciting and diversified periods in the history of thought.

Introducing the coexisting strands of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish philosophy, Marenbon shows how these traditions all go back to the Platonic schools of late antiquity and explains the complex ways in which they are interlinked. Providing an overview of some of the main thinkers, such as Boethius,
Abelard, al-Farabi, Avicenna, Maimonides, and Gersonides, and the topics, institutions and literary forms of medieval philosophy, he discusses in detail some of the key issues in medieval thought: universals; mind, body and mortality; foreknowledge and freedom; society and the best life.

ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and
enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
A map of earlier medieval philosophy
8
A map of later medieval philosophy
24
Fields of medieval philosophy
44
Institutions and literary forms
54
Universals Avicenna and Abelard
67
Mind body and mortality Averroes and Pomponazzi
79
Foreknowledge and freedom Boethius and Gersonides
93
Why medieval philosophy?
117
Timeline
121
References
125
Further reading
129
Index
133
Very Short Introduction
142
A Very Short Introduction
143
A Very Short Introduction
144

Society and the best life Ibn Ṭufayl and Dante
106

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About the author (2016)


John Marenbon studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, where in 1978 he became, as he remains, a fellow. He is also a Fellow of the British Academy (2009) and Honorary Professor of Medieval Philosophy in the University of Cambridge (2010) . He has also taught at the Sorbonne (Paris IV) and has been
a visiting fellow at the Centre for Mediaeval Studies and the Pontifical Institute at the University of Toronto, and at present holds a visiting appointment at Peking University. His books include Pagans and Philosophers. The problem of paganism from Augustine to Leibniz (Princeton University Press,
2015), and The Cambridge Companion to Boethius (Cambridge University Press, 2009).

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