Foresight and Knowledge
For Yves R. Simon, philosophy has an affinity to science, not in the sense that philosophy is a mere metascience, a commentary on the sciences, but rather because it shares the same aim as science: the search for explanation. The philosophy Simon espouses is philosophical realism which, following Jacques Maritain, he prefers to call critical realism. Against the prejudice that only some version of philosophical idealism, be it critical or absolute, is capable of understanding positive science. Simon, in Foresight and Knowledge, develops a philosophy of science form a realistic perspective. Philosophy of science or the critique of science, as it was known in France, is according to Simon, metahphysics in the exercise of its critical function. Simon selects as the central focus of the treatise the problem of determinism, causality, and chance. Simon shows that the concept "determinism" must be understood in different conceptual systems, such as a philosophy of nature and physics; in the latter, determinism is conceived as a possibility of certain and exact prediction.
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absolute actual applied psychology Aristotelian Aristotle assert Auguste Comte certainty chance event concept concerns consider constituted contingent definition determinism distinction diversity effect epistemological equi-probability essential existence explain explanatory expression fact factors formulation fortuitous Hans Hahn human Ibid idea ideal identity intelligible Jacques Maritain John of St kind Kuic logical logical positivism Maritain mathematical matter meaning metaphysical Meyerson mind monism moral psychology natural event necessary necessity note updated notion observation ontological order of abstraction Paris Philipp Frank philoso philosophy of nature philosophy of science physical knowledge physicists plurality positive psychology positive science possible practical prediction Prevoir et savoir problem proper cause propositions reality reason relation remark result Saint Thomas science of nature scientific object scientist sensible qualities Simon soul systematic tendency term theoretical theory things Thomistic thought tion trans treatise truth understand unity universal Vienna Circle words York Yves