From Ritual to Romance
From Ritual to Romance is a 1920 landmark study of anthropology and folklore that examines the roots of the King Arthur-Holy Grail legends. Jessie Weston's revolutionary theory holds that most elements of the Grail story are actually the remnants of incredibly old fertility rites -- with the lance and the cup serving as sexual symbols. Drawing on James George Frazer's seminal works on folklore, magic, and religion, Weston seeks to make connections between the legend's early pagan elements and its later Christian influences, uniting the quest for fertility with the striving for mystical oneness with God. T.S. Elliot cited this work as a major influence for his famous epic poem, "The Waste Land." JESSIE LAIDLAY WESTON (1850-1928) was an independent scholar and folklorist who specialized in mediaeval Arthurian texts.
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Adonis adventure Alfred Nutt appears Aryan Attis belief Bledri Bleheris Borron ceremonies Chapel CHAPTER character Chrétien Chrétien de Troyes Christian closely connected criticism Cumont curious death deﬁnitely deity diﬁerent Drama E. K. Chambers elements evidence existence fact feast feature Fertility ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst Fish Fisher King Folk-lore Grail castle Grail legend Grail romances Grail story Greek healing herbs hero Holy identiﬁcation importance Indra inﬂuence initiation knight Korybantes Kouretes Lancelot land later literary literature maidens Mannhardt Maruts Medieval Mimus Mithra Mithraism Morris Dance Mumming Play Mysteries Naassene Nature ritual oﬁer origin parallel Pentangle Perceoal Perceval Perlesoaus Phrygian poem popular possess practice Professor von Schroeder Quest Quester referred regarded remarks represented Rig-Veda rites Saint scholars Shilluk signiﬁcance Sir Gawain Spirit suggestion survival Sword Dance symbols tale Tammuz Tarot theme theory tion Vegetation Wauchier worship wounded writer youth