The Text of Galatians and Its History
Stephen C. Carlson investigates the text of Paul's Epistle to the Galatians and analyses how that text changed over the course of its transmission in manuscript copies over several centuries. For this study, he collated ninety-two textual witnesses of Galatians and arranged them into a genealogical family tree called a stemma codicum, with assistance from a computer-implemented method used in computational biology known as cladistics. Using this global stemma, he establishes a critical text for the epistle and assesses the nature of the textual variations that occurred throughout the text's history of transmission in over 250 significant variant readings, paying particular attention to possible theological motivations. This is the first study to produce a global stemma of any kind for a New Testament book, an accomplishment that was previously thought to be unfeasible.
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add line Alexandrian anti-Judaic asyndeton attested authorial readings Bart D BETZ BURTON BUSCEMI Byzantine text Cephas Change to Dº Chapter Christ Christology Chrys 1611 Byz Chrys hark 1611 Chrys pesh hark cladistics clause Codex common ancestor contamination context critical text D F G d b xvg Dº Change eclecticism edition external F. J. A. Hort genealogical Gospel harmonization Hort Inooú internal evidence Jesus kupiou letter Levinsohn LONGENECKER manuscripts Marcion maximum parsimony METZGER Michael W muáv Nestle-Aland Nestle-Aland text Novum Testamentum Graece º Marc öé omission original otiv Ött Paul Paul’s Pauline pesh hark 1611 phrase pronoun ROYSE scribal scribes Septuagint Tertullian text of Galatians text-critical text-type textual changes Textual Criticism textual variants toč toig toū transmission unoriented stemma variation units verb vópou Western branch Western Eastern EDS Western witnesses word order Xplotó Xplotoč Xplotög Yáp Yūp Zuntz