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18 inches admit advantage angle appearance architectural arrangement astragals atmosphere back wall beds boiler border bottom breadth brick Caithness cast-iron cement centre Chatsworth circulation cistern cold air colour conservatory constructed covered diameter door drain effect elevation erected extent feet fire floor flower-garden flowering plants flowers flue Frogmore front fruit fuel furnace garden gardenesque geometrical style glass gravel greater ground ground-plan gutter heated air height hot water hot-water pipes hothouses inches iron Joseph Paxton laid latter lean-to length light means ment metallic natural object ornamental parapet parterre pass pavement placed plants plates prevent principle produce purpose putty quantity rafters roof sashes sea-kale shown shrubs side slate smoke soil space span-roofed square steam stone stopcocks stove style sufficient supply surface tanks temperature terrace thick tion trees trellis upright vases ventilation vinery vines walks wall-plate whole winter wood wooden
Page 2 - God Almighty first planted a garden; and, indeed, it is the purest of human pleasures. It is the greatest refreshment to the spirits of man; without which buildings and palaces are but gross...
Page 18 - ... to which the valve has been adjusted, but is superior to it, by which it is enabled to overpower the resistance of the weight t, and it carries the valve up with it, and closes the orifice r. This is no sooner done than the water is constrained to become stationary again, by which the momentum is lost, and the valve and weight once more become superior, and fall, thus...
Page 18 - ... connected with the side of the reservoir, and terminating by an orifice r, in which a conical or other valve, s, is placed so as to be capable of effectually closing the pipe when such valve is drawn upwards: t, is an adjustable weight fixed on to the spindle of the valve...
Page 633 - Where the conduit pipes are of great length, say upwards of 1000 feet, it is found advantageous to begin, at the reservoir or cistern, with pipes of a diameter somewhat greater than those which deliver the water to the quills, because the water, in a pipe of uniform diameter of so great a length, is found to lose much of its strength, and become what is technically called sleepy : while the different sizes quicken it, and redouble its force.
Page 114 - ... its direct rays at a low angle, and, consequently, very obliquely to the glass. At those periods most of the rays of light and heat were obstructed by the position of the glass and heavy rafters, so that a considerable portion of time was lost both...
Page 631 - He justifies fountains only on the ground that natural jets-d'eau, though rare, do exist, and are among the most surprising exhibitions of nature : these, he thinks, must therefore be proper objects of imitation ; and since art cannot emulate these natural fountains in greatness of style and execution, she is justified in compensating her weakness by symmetry, variety, and richness of effect.
Page 703 - This would both be inconsistent with their breadth and would render them too prominent and artificial. They should not be carried higher than the point at which they can be well supported and backed with a broad mass of earth and vegetation. Additional height may sometimes be given, if desired, by excavating...
Page 239 - ... to be kept when at its maximum, and the temperature of the external air ; and divide this product by the difference between the temperature of the pipes and the proposed temperature of the room ; then, the quotient thus obtained, when multiplied by the number of cubic feet of air to be warmed per minute, and this product divided by 222...
Page 698 - William for them) affords us but few materials to work with. Plants, ground, and water, are her only productions; and, though both the forms and arrangements of these may be varied to an incredible degree, yet have they but few striking varieties, the rest being of the nature of " changes rung upon bells," which, though in reality different, still produce the same uniform kind of jingling ; the variation being too minute to be easily perceived," " ART must therefore supply the scantiness of Nature,'