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affirms afterwards Alexander alliance allies Amphiktyonic assembly Amphipolis arms army Arrian Athe Athenian assembly Athenian citizens Athens attack battle Boeotian capture Chalkidic CHAP Chares Chersonese cities Compare conquests cont Corona countrymen death decree defeated defence delivered Delphi Delphian temple Demo Demosth Demosthenes despatched Dikastery Diodor Dionysius doubtless enemy envoys Eschines Euboea expedition Fals farther favour festival force Grecian Greece Greeks harangue Hellenic hoplites Isokrates Justin Kersobleptes king Ktesiph Lokrians LXXXVII Lykophron Macedonian marched Megalopolis Meidias mercenaries Midsummer military month mosthenes nians Olymp Olynthian war Olynthians Olynthus Onomarchus oration partisans passed peace Peloponnesian Peloponnesus Persian Phayllus Pherae Philip Philokrates Philomelus Phokians Phokis Plutarch political present prince probably proceedings public assembly purpose rhetorical sent sentiment soldiers Sparta speech sthenes success Symmories synod Thebans Thebes Theoric Fund Thermopylae Thessalians Thessaly Thrace Thracian Thucyd tion town triremes troops victory viii vote Xenoph
Page 468 - There remained moreover the Asiatic regions east of the Hyphasis, which his soldiers had refused to enter upon, but which he certainly would have invaded at a future opportunity, were it only to efface the poignant humiliation of having been compelled to relinquish his proclaimed purpose. Though this sounds like romance and hyperbole...
Page 466 - ... had been when he first crossed the Hellespont. Great as his past career had been, his future achievements, with such increased means and experience, were likely to be yet greater. His ambition would have been satisfied with nothing less than the conquest of the whole habitable world as then known; and if his life had been prolonged, he would probably have accomplished it. Nowhere (so far as our knowledge reaches) did there reside any military power capable of making head against him; nor were...
Page 304 - Neoptolemus, and the other heroes of the /Eacid race — ' a man of violent impulse in all directions, sometimes generous, often vindictive — ardent in his individual affections both of love and hatred, but devoured especially by an inextinguishable pugnacity, appetite for conquest, and thirst for establishing at all cost his superiority of force over others.
Page 469 - Now, how an empire thus boundless and heterogeneous, such as no prince has ever yet realized, could have been administered with any superior advantages to subjects, it would be difficult to show. The mere task of acquiring and maintaining — of keeping satraps and tribute-gatherers in authority as well as in subordination — of suppressing resistances ever liable to recur in regions distant by months of march — would occupy the whole life of a world-conqueror, without leaving any leisure for...
Page 663 - Alexander, the epoch from which dates not only the extinction of Grecian political freedom and selfaction but also the decay of productive genius and the debasement of that consummate literary and rhetorical excellence which the fourth century BC had seen exhibited in Plato and Demosthenes.
Page 467 - Roman consul, annually changed, would have been found a match for Alexander in military genius and combinations ; nor, even if personally equal, would he have possessed the same variety of troops and arms, each effective in its separate way, and all conspiring to one common purpose ; nor the same unbounded influence over their minds in stimulating them to full effort. I do not think that even the Romans could have successfully resisted Alexander the Great ; though it is certain that he never throughout...
Page 287 - We call it a pretence, because it had ceased to be a real Hellenic feeling, and served now two different purposes : first, to ennoble the undertaking in the eyes of Alexander himself, whose mind was very accessible to religious and legendary sentiment, and who willingly identified himself with Agamemnon or Achilles, immortalised as executors of the collective vengeance of Greece for Asiatic insult ; next, to assist in keeping the Greeks quiet during his absence. He was himself aware that the real...
Page 461 - Hephaestion, fell more and more into discredit; whilst his son Kassander, who had recently come into Asia with a Macedonian reinforcement, underwent from Alexander during irascible moments much insulting violence. In spite of the dissuasive warning of the Chaldean priests, Alexander had been persuaded to distrust their sincerity and had entered Babylon, though not without hesitation and uneasiness. However, when after having entered the town he went out of it again safely on his expedition for the...
Page 472 - ... which the march of every Grecian community was based. Aristotle did not wish to degrade the Asiatics below the level to which they had been accustomed, but rather to preserve the Greeks from being degraded to the same level. Now, Alexander recognized no such distinction as that drawn by his preceptor. He treated Greeks and Asiatics alike, not by elevating the latter but by degrading the former. Though he employed all indiscriminately as instruments, yet he presently found the free speech of Greeks,...
Page 467 - Alexander overawes the imagination more than any other personage of antiquity, by the matchless development of all that constitutes effective force — as an individual warrior, and as organizer and leader of armed masses; not merely the blind impetuosity ascribed by Homer to Ares, but also the intelligent, methodized, and all-subduing compression which he personifies in Athene.