Social Justice in the Ancient Near East and the People of the Bible
This book is one of a series of supplementary volumes published alongside the Jerusalem Bible in France and intended to provide a general introduction to the world in which the Bible is set; the series includes such famous titles as Jeremias' jerusa/em in the time of enis and de Vaux's Ancient Israel. It is an exhaustive study of the legal and sociological background of texts dealing with social justice, first in Mesopotamia and Egypt, and then in pre-exilic Israel. The author is a specialist in modern ethics, but has made himself thoroughly familiar with the relevant secondary literature. The book also contains an excellent bibliography on social ethics in ancient Israel and its environment, and a valuable historical survey of the development of scholarly study in this field, up to and including recent Marxist interpretations. The orientation of the book is basically sociological, which makes it a valuable corrective to an excessively theological view of biblical ethics, and anchors the ethical teaching of the biblical writers firmly in social reality. Why Israel should be the society where a call for social justice should be expressed so keenly in law and prophets is a fascinating historical and sociological question, and the author's answer is interesting and controversial. Welcoming the French edition in the Journal of Jewish Studies, John Barton said that an English edition would be invaluable as a student textbook in a surprisingly neglected field. Here it is.
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The Mesopotamian Laws
Justice in the Old Testament as seen by Old Testament
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according Akhenaten already Amos appeared attitude Bible biblical Canaanite Causse Cazelles century Code of Hammurabi Code of Ur-Nammu conception considered Covenant Code cult cuneiform law Deut Deuteronomic Code Deuteronomy divine Dynasty earth Egypt Egyptian Eshnunna fact fatherless favour hand harvest Hebrew Holiness Code Horemheb human ibid idea important injustice interest Israelite Jewish Judaism king Klima Kramer Lagash land Laws of Eshnunna Leeuwen legislation Lichtheim 1975 Lipit-Ishtar living Lods Lord Maat master Max Weber Menes mishpat moral mushkenu Neher neighbour nomadic Old Empire Old Testament oppressed orphan peasants period Phoenician Ploeg political poor Posener problem prologue prophecy prophets protection reform reign relating religion religious represented rich role sabbath scholars seems seventh slave slavery social justice society sociological sojourner Spiegel stele stranger stresses Szlechter take account texts Theodorides Theologie tradition Urukagina Vaux Vesco vizier Wallis whole widow Wilson Yahweh Yoyotte