Complex Problem Solving: The European Perspective
Peter A. Frensch, Joachim Funke
Psychology Press, 1995 - Psychology - 340 pages
This volume presents a state-of-the-science review of the most promising current European research -- and its historic roots of research -- on complex problem solving (CPS) in Europe. It is an attempt to close the knowledge gap among American scholars regarding the European approach to understanding CPS. Although most of the American researchers are well aware of the fact that CPS has been a very active research area in Europe for quite some time, they do not know any specifics about even the most important research. Part of the reason for this lack of knowledge is undoubtedly the fact that European researchers -- for the most part -- have been rather reluctant to publish their work in English-language journals.
The book concentrates on European research because the basic approach European scholars have taken to studying CPS is very different from one taken by North American researchers. Traditionally, American scholars have been studying CPS in "natural" domains -- physics, reading, writing, and chess playing -- concentrating primarily on exploring novice-expert differences and the acquisition of a complex skill. European scholars, in contrast, have been primarily concerned with problem solving behavior in artificially generated, mostly computerized, complex systems. While the American approach has the advantage of high external validity, the European approach has the advantage of system variables that can be systematically manipulated to reveal the effects of system parameters on CPS behavior. The two approaches are thus best viewed as complementing each other.
This volume contains contributions from four European countries -- Sweden, Switzerland, Great Britain, and Germany. As such, it accurately represents the bulk of empirical research on CPS which has been conducted in Europe. An international cooperation started two years ago with the goal of bringing the European research on complex problem solving to the awareness of American scholars. A direct result of that effort, the contributions to this book are both informative and comprehensive.
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ability actions analysis approach assess assumptions behavior Berry Brehmer Broadbent cognitive psychology complex problem solving complex systems confirmation bias control performance correlations CPS performance CPS research CPS scenarios delay condition diagnostic domain Domer Dorner dynamic systems dynamic task ecological validity empirical example experiment Experimental Psychology expertise explicit feedback delays FFUs finite state automata fire fighting flexibility Frensch Funke fur Psychologie Germany Guthke Hans Huber heuristic Hillsdale hypotheses implicit learning information delay input intelligence tests Intelligenz interaction intransparent investment task Kluwe knowledge acquisition komplexen Kreuzig Lawrence Erlbaum Associates learning test lizards LOHHAUSEN measures mental models novices Oberauer optimal percental stakes person predict Problemlosen Putz-Osterloh Reither relation representation self-reflection semantic Simon simulation single case studies situation solver Sprache & Kognition Staudel Sternberg strategies Strohschneider structure subjects task environments theoretical goals theory thinking aloud protocols trials Umgang validity variables verbal Zeitschrift fur
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Carol McCann,Ross Pigeau
Limited preview - 2000
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Psychologische Rundschau, Volume 50
No preview available - 1999