Faces around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face

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ABC-CLIO, Feb 14, 2012 - Social Science - 337 pages

Our faces identify who we are—not only what we look like and what ethnicities we belong to, but they can also identify what religions we practice and what personal ideologies we have. This one-of-a-kind A–Z reference explores the ways we change, beautify, and adorn our faces to create our personalities and identities.

In addition to covering the basics such as the anatomical structure and function of parts of the human face, the entries examine how the face is viewed around the world, allowing students to easily draw connections and differences between various cultures around the world. Readers will learn about a wide variety of topics, including identity in different cultures; religious beliefs; folklore; extreme beautification; the "evil eye;" scarification; facial piercing and facial tattooing masks; social views about beauty including cosmetic surgery and makeup; how gender, class and sexuality play a role in our understanding of the face; and skin, eye, mouth, nose, and ear diseases and disorders. This encyclopedia is ideal for high school and undergraduate students studying anthropology, anatomy, gender, religion, and world cultures.

 

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Contents

Acne
1
Acupuncture
2
African American
4
Aging
5
Animal Facial Expressions
7
Anthropometry and Craniometry
11
Artistic Representation
12
Ash Wednesday
15
Halloween
167
Halo
169
Head Binding
170
Head Hunting
172
Henna
174
Hypertrichosis and Hirsutism
175
Identity
179
Image of Edessa
181

Australia and New Zealand
16
Baptism
19
Beauty
20
Bindi
24
Blackface
25
Braces
29
Buddhism
30
Caricatures
33
Central America
36
Chakras
38
Cheek Piercings and Cheek Plugs
40
China
41
Christianity
44
Cosmetic Surgery
47
Cosmetics
50
Crowns and Headdresses
52
Day of the Dead
57
Death Masks
59
Dental Care
61
Diprosopus
64
Disorders of the Face
66
Ear Piercing
69
Ear Shaping
71
Ear Spools and Plugs
72
Earlobe Stretching
73
Easter Island
75
Egypt
77
Emoticon
80
England
83
Epicanthic Fold
84
Evil Eye
86
Evolution of the Face
91
Eye Contact
94
Eyebrow Grooming
96
Eyeglasses and Contacts
100
Face Folklore
105
Face Painting
106
Face Perception
109
Face Reading
111
Face Saving and Losing Face
114
Face Transplant
115
Facebook
119
Facial Care
121
Facial Expressions
123
Facial Features
129
Facial Hair and Removal
134
Facial Piercing
136
Facial Portraits in Tattoos
139
Facial Proverbs Idioms and Metaphors
141
Facial Reflexology
143
Facial Symmetry
144
Facial Tattoos
146
Famous Faces
149
Fawkes Guy
154
Freckles Moles and Birthmarks
155
Geisha
159
Gender
160
GrecoRoman Cultures
163
Gurning
165
India
183
Inuit
186
Janus
189
Japan
190
Jewelry
192
Judaism
195
Kohl
197
Korea
198
Labrets Lip Plugs and Lip Plates
201
Makapansgat Pebble
205
Masked Characters
207
Masks
209
Masquerade
213
Middle East
215
Mimes and Clowns
216
Moko
218
Mongolia
221
Mug Shot
223
Mummery
224
Native North America
227
Neck Rings
230
New Guinea
231
North Africa
233
North America
235
Nose Piercing
239
Oral Piercing
241
Permanent Makeup
243
Physiognomy and Phrenology
244
Prosopagnosia
247
Race
249
Religious Beliefs
250
Russia and Siberia
254
Scarification
257
Scars
260
Sex and Sexuality
261
Shamanism
263
Shroud of Turin
266
Sign Language
268
Skin Bleaching and Tanning
269
Skin Colors and Disorders
272
Slang Terms
275
Southeast Asia
278
SubSaharan Africa
280
Sumptuary Laws
284
Teeth Filing
287
Teeth Painting
288
Teeth Whitening
290
Theater
291
Tibet and Nepal
294
Tongue Piercing
296
Unibrow
299
Veil of Veronica
301
Veiling
302
Warts
307
Bibliography
309
Index
321
About the Author
337
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Margo DeMello, PhD, lectures at Central New Mexico Community College, Albuquerque, NM, teaching sociology, cultural studies, and anthropology.

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