Traffic Safety and Human Behavior, Volume 5620
The aim of the book is to present a state of the art assessment of highway safety from a user-centered perspective. The user in this case is the driver, the cyclist, and the pedestrian. The book will cover driving behavior from the motivational and information-processing perspective, and following a consideration of several models that have been proposed to describe driver behavior, different topics will cover the major research issues of the past decade. These include the impact of fatigue, aggression, personality, alcohol and other drugs, on driving behavior and crash involvement; the various approaches to accident investigation and their relation to accident causation and countermeasure development, the impact of intelligent transportation systems on driving behavior and safety (ITS), and other topics.An important aspect of the book will be to relate the findings from the applied driving/safety literature to theoretical concepts in the behavioral sciences, so that the presentation will be more coherent and make more sense. A tentative Table of contents is attached. This book includes most recent research in the areas of driving impairments (i.e., alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and distraction) and driving style (aggressive driving). It covers studies about driver vision and reaction time and their implication for highway and vehicle design. It provides updates about the two groups most highly involved in car crashes (the elderly and young novice drivers).
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Part A Background Methods Models
Part B Driver capacities and age effects
Part C Driving style
Part D Driver temporary impairments
Part E Other road users
accidents actually aggressive driving Anal analysis approach assess associated attention benzodiazepines booster seats brake reaction cannabis cell phone CHMSL collision confounding variables contrast sensitivity crash involvement crash rates crash risk demonstrated Department of Transportation detection distraction driver behavior driver education driving performance driving task drugs effects enforcement evaluation factors fatal crashes fatigue Figure fixations function groups headways highway safety Highway Traffic Safety impact increase injury intersections km/h lane license light marijuana measures motor motorcycle National Highway Traffic NHTSA novice drivers odds ratio older drivers passengers pedestrian perceived percent permission from Elsevier phone task police Prev reduce relationship relative Report response riders risk homeostasis roadway sample seat belt Shinar significant significantly signs simulator situations sleep specific speed limit Traffic Safety Administration typically U.S. Department variables vehicle violations visual acuity visual field Washington DC young drivers