Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: A Comprehensive Guide

Front Cover
PennWell Books, 2005 - Science - 445 pages
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: A Comprehensive Guide explains why hydrogen has emerged as an essential area for research and technology development worldwide. It explores the forces driving the market for hydrogen-powered fuel cells, as well as the technical and economic barriers that could derail a transition toward hydrogen energy systems. The book reviews hydrogen's history, and discusses current and future applications for hydrogen fuel cells. It also explains in straightforward language how hydrogen is produced, stored, and transported, and it discusses the economics of these activities and their environmental impact. The book's appendixes provide more technical details, such as cost calculations.
Key Features & Benefits:
• Written in easy to read language rather than technical jargon
• Offers a comprehensive overview of the hydrogen economy concept
• Develop a better understanding on the timely topic of hydrogen and its place in the world's future energy mix along with fossil fuels and renewable resources
 

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Contents

Hydrogen Technology Park
Canadas hydrogen village
United Technologies phosphoric acid power plants
SiemensWestinghouse solid oxide fuel cells
FuelCell Energy stationary products
Automotive fuel cells in an industrial application
Other micropower developments
PEM Fuel Cells in Micropower Applications

Fuel cell types
Micropower Makes Sense
Microgenerators
Receptive utilities at last?
Fuel Cell Cars Unveiled
Profiting From Your Engine
A Vision of an Energy Internet
References
Drivers and Barriers
Our planets health
Potential effects of climate change
Evidence of global warming
Methane emissions
Government actions
Air pollution in the developing world
Efficiency as a route to pollution control
Profiting from air pollution control?
The Global Oil Picture
Oil consumption trends
How soon will we run out of oil?
Dependence on imports from the Middle East
Energy security and geopolitics
An opportunity for hydrogen
Changes In the Electric Power Industry
Restructuring and competition
Demand for higher quality power
Meeting peak demand
Micropowers advantages to electric utilities
Government Support For Hydrogen
European Union
Japan
United States
US state programs
Canada
China
Norway
Barriers and Challenges
Fuel cell technology and onboard hydrogen storage
Hydrogen production costs
Capturing carbon
Regulatory and institutional barriers
Risk of electric price increases
Safety
References
Hydrogen be Used?
Fundamentals and Background
Hydrogens Properties
The Cleanest Fuel
Producing Hydrogen
Reforming
Fuel Cell Technology
Fuel cell applications
How Hydrogen Is Used Today
Hydrogens Early History
Exploiting Hydrogens Properties
Fuel Cells Enter the Picture
Hydrogens Renaissances
References
Applications and Markets
A Rapidly Growing Market
Oil Companies Enter the Hydrogen Market
Shells hydrogen program
ChevronTexaco teams with Hyundai UTC
Fuel Cell Vehicle Demonstrations
Ford Focus fleet
Honda PCX cars
DaimlerChrysler cars trucks and buses
Ballards automotive fuel cell research
Other fuel cell vehicles
BMW sticks with engines
Europes CUTE Bus Program
Japans Hydrogen Fuel Cell Program
Icelands Ectos Project
California Fuel Cell Vehicle Programs
California Fuel Cell Partnership
SunLine bus demonstration
Hydrogen Fueling At Home
ShellStuart Energy
First hydrogenelectricity station
Uninterruptible power supply applications
Plug Powers stationary applications
Microturblnes in Stationary Applications
Integrating fuel cells with microturbines
Microturbines in energy systems with fuel cells
Locomotive being developed
Portable Applications For Fuel Cells
Competing with batteries
Early market entries
Solid oxide portable fuel cells
Fuel cell shopping online
References
How would a Hydrogen Economy work?
Production and Supply
Overview of Production Methods
Units of measurement
Challenges and outlook
Reforming Natural Gas and Liquids
Barriers and research needs
Hydrogen production economics
Vehicle emissions
Carbon Capture and Storage
Governmentindustry programs
Producing Hydrogen From Coal
Hydrogen production economics
Biomass and Waste Feedstocks
Carbon emissions
Electrolysis of Water
Available systems
Hydrogen production economics
Integrating electrolysis with renewables
Nuclear Power
Hydrogen production economics
Technologies being developed
Hydrogen From Solar Power
Hydrogen production economics
Solar watersplitting
Photobiological processes
WindPowered Hydrogen Production
Outlook
Other Renewables
LongTerm Hydrogen Supplies
References
Storage and Safety
Hydrogen Storage Today
Liquefied gas tanks
Advanced Storage Technologies
Metal hydrides
Chemical hydrides
Carbon materials
Barriers and Challenges
GovernmentIndustry Funding
Hydrogen Safety
Leak detection
Safety practices codes and standards
Barriers and challenges
The Hindenburg myth and other misperceptions
References
Transportation and Distribution
Problems of Hydrogen Transport
Hydrogen pipelines
Transportation economics
Outlook
Fueling Station Infrastructure
Infrastructure cost estimates
Fueling station equipment
Outlook
References
Fuel Cell Light Duty Vehicles
Fuel Cell Buses
Worldwide Hydrogen Fueling Stations
Worldwide Fuel Cell Installations
Hydrogen Cost Calculations
Gaseous Hydrogen Safety
Glossary and Conversion Factors
Bibliography
Index
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

Plasma Chemistry
Alexander Fridman
Limited preview - 2008

About the author (2005)

Rebecca L. Busby has 30 years of writing/editing experience in the energy industry, starting with the Institute of Gas Technology in 1975. Her background also includes the Gas Technology Institute, where she edited its premier magazine and covered research on fuel cells, alternative-fuel vehicles, power generation, and other natural gas applications. An independent writer/editor since 1989, her publications have featured energy technologies such as micropower, wind turbines, and solar energy. She also edited PennWell's Natural Gas in Nontechnical Language and has written its annual International Petroleum Encyclopedia for the past four years.

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