Historical Dictionary of Surrealism
Surrealism was a broad movement, which attracted many adherents. It was organized and quite strictly disciplined, at least until the death of its leader, André Breton, in 1966. As a consequence, its membership was in a constant state of flux: persons were constantly being admitted and excluded, and often the latter continued to regard themselves as Surrealists. The wide-ranging nature of the Surrealist movement was spread over many countries and many different art forms, including painting, sculpture, cinema, photography, music, theater, and literature, most notably poetry. The Historical Dictionary of Surrealism relates the history of this movement through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 600 cross-referenced dictionary entries on persons, circles, and groups who participated in the movement; a global entry on some of the journals and reviews they produced; and a sampling of major works of art, cinema, and literature.
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André Breton Anthologie Apollinaire artist and writer artist born automatic avant-garde Bataille became Belgian Benjamin Péret brought Brussels Buñuel career collaborated collages collection of poems Communist contributed d’une Dada death died dreams edited entitled essay Exhibition in Paris famous film France French poet French writer friends Gallery Georges Henri illustrated images included inspired International Surrealist Exhibition issue Jacques Jean Joan Miró joined the Surrealist journal l’art La Révolution surréaliste launched Littérature London Louis Aragon Manifeste du surréalisme Marcel Duchamp married Max Ernst Mesens Mexico moved to Paris Museum noir novel Pablo Picasso painter born painting Paul Éluard Peinture Philippe Soupault photographer Picabia Pierre played Poèmes Poésie poet born poetry portrait Prévert Pseudonym published René Magritte returned rêve Révolution surréaliste Sade Salvador Dalí sculpture studied subsequently Surrealism Surrealist group Surrealist movement texts theater tion World World War II writer born wrote York Yves Tanguy