Unity Of Nature, The: Wholeness And Disintegration In Ecology And Science
The idea behind The Unity of Nature is a strong theoretical theme in a number of scientific and environmental fields from ecosystems ecology, through quantum physics to environmental philosophy and ecopolitics giving rise to an inspiring, optimistic, socially-responsive and environment-friendly worldview. The fields of science and environmentalism have inherited this theme of natural unity through an intellectual lineage that encompasses many non-scientific and non-environmental fields such as sociology, theology and political philosophy. Many of these fields have used natural unity in a way which is in stark opposition to the metaphysical and political desires of those who promulgate the unity of nature for progressive social change.This book discusses how this has transpired and examines the social and intellectual processes that have been at work. These include the social construction of the Organicism versus Mechanicism debate in ecology, the intellectual links between neo-classical economic principles and the ‘New Sciences’, the techno-scientific background of Gaia theory, and the social conservatism of ecological functionalism.
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anthropocentrism Bauman behaviour biological Bohm Cambridge Capra Chaos theory Chapter claim Clements complex systems theory Cosmic Blueprint cultural cybernetics deconstruction Deep Ecology Earth ecological communities ecological settings ecologists economic Ecosystem Concept ecosystem ecology Edward Goldsmith entities environment Environmental Ethics environmentalists Eugene Odum example exist feedback fractal fragmentation Fritjof Capra functionalism Gaia theory Gaian Gleasonian Golley Hayek Healing Gaia hierarchy holistic human ibid individual instance intellectual interactions James Lovelock levels living Lovelock Margulis meaning mechanical mechanicism mechanistic metanarrative metaphors metaphysical modern Modernist narrative natural world nature idea non-human order from chaos organic organicism organisation paradigm Parsons Paul Davies phenomena philosophers of nature physical plants political postmodern associationism postmodern ecology Postmodern Science Postmodern Scientists postmodernists processes reality reductionism regard Rosenau scientific self-organisation self-regulating society species stability structure superorganism systems ecology systems theory things thinking thought traditional truth unitarians unity of nature University Press whole worldview