The Imperial Gazetteer of India (Volume 15); Kar?chi to Kot?yam
General Books, Jan 15, 2012 - 192 pages
This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1908. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... in the whole of the District between 1889 and 1904. The revision found an increase in the cultivated area of 0-3 per cent. and enhanced the total revenue from 11 to 13 lakhs. The average assessment per acre of 'dry' land is 5 annas, of rice land Rs. 4-11, of garden land Rs. 9-8. Collections on account of land revenue and revenue from all sources have been, in thousands of rupees: --A peculiarity of Kolaba District is the khoti tenurej which exists in 445 villages. The khot was originally a mere farmer of the revenue from year to year, but this right to act as middleman became hereditary, although there was no proprietary right. Under the settlement, the khot, as peasant proprietor, pays the survey rates, while the actual cultivators pay rent to the khot, not exceeding an excess of 50 per cent. above the Government demand, which constitutes the profit of the khot. Most of the present khots are representatives of the original farmers, but in some cases they have sold or mortgaged their rights. The District has seven municipalities: namely, Alibag, Pen, Roha Ashtami, Mahad, Panvel, Uran, and Matheran. Outside their limits, local affairs are managed by the District board and seven taluka boards. The total receipts in 1903-4 were 1-33 lakhs and the expenditure 1-44 lakhs. The principal source of income is the land cess. Over Rs. 52,000 was devoted to the construction and maintenance of roads and buildings. The police force is under the control of the District Superintendent, assisted by one inspector. There are twelve police stations, with a total of 555 police, including 8 chief constables, 103 head constables, and 444 constables. There are nine subsidiary jails and one lock-up in the District, with accommodation for 230 prisoners. The daily average number of prisone...
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