Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach
1. Overview: scope of insect ecology - ecosystem ecology - environmental change and disturbance. Section I - Ecology of individual insects - 2. Reponses to abiotic conditions: I. Physical template; II. Surviving variable abiotic conditions; III. Factors affecting dispersal behavior; IV. Responses to anthropogenic changes. 3. Resource acquisition: I. Resource quality; II. Resource acceptability; III. Resource availability. 4. Resource allocation: I. resource budget; II. Allocation of assimilated resources; III. Efficiency of resource use. Section II - Population ecology: 5. Population systems: I. Population structure; II. Population processes; III. Life history characteristics; IV. Parameter estimation. 6. Population dynamics: I. Population fluctuation; II. Factors affecting population size; III. Models of population change. 7. Biogeography: I. Geographic distribution; II. Spatial dynamics of populations; III. Anthropogenic effects on spatial dynamics. Section III - Community ecology - 8. Species interactions: Classes of interactions; II. Factors affecting interactions; III. Consequences of interactions. 9. Community structures: I. Approaches to describing communities; II. Patterns of community structure; III. Determinants of community structure. 10. Community dynamic: I. Short-term change in community structure ; II. Successional change in community structure; III. Paleoecology; IV. Diversity versus stability. Section IV - Ecosystem level - 11. Ecosystem structure and function: I. Ecosystem structure; II. Energy flow; III. Biogeochemical cycling; IV. Climate modification; V. Ecosystem modeling. 12. Herbivory: I. Types and patterns of herbivory; II. Effects of herbivory. 13. Pollination, seed predation, and seed dispersal: I. Types and patterns of pollination; II. Effects of pollination; III. Types and patterns of seed predation and dispersal; IV. Effects os seed predation and dispersal. 14. Decomposition and pedogenesis: I. Types and patterns of detritivory and burrowing; II. Effects of detritivory and burrowing. 15. Insects as regulators of ecosystem processes: I. Development of the concept; II. Ecosystems as cybernetic system. Section V - Synthesis - 16. Synthesis - applications - critical issues.
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