Historical Dictionary of Haiti
One of the world's poorest nations, Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Haiti proclaimed its independence from France on January 1, 1804 following the only successful slave revolt in the Americas. As a result of the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804), Haiti became the first independent Latin American nation and the second independent nation in the Western Hemisphere, after the United States. Throughout its history it has suffered political violence, and in 2010 it suffered a devastating earthquake, which killed over 200,000 people and countless people lost homes and businesses. The Historical Dictionary of Haiti covers the history of Haiti starting in 1492 with the initial discovery of the island Haiti shares with the Dominican Republic to the present day. The dictionary itself contains over 400 cross-referenced entries on crucial aspects of Haitian history, and it is the most extensive single-volume reference work on Haiti available. In addition to the dictionary, this book provides a chronology containing important dates and events and an informative bibliographical section organized by subject. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Haiti.
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1987 constitution African Alexis American Aristide’s Artibonite August became Born Cap-Haïtien Caribbean Cayes Cédras Célestin Centre d’Art century Christophe coffee colonial Cuba cultural d’Haïti December département diaspora dictatorship died Dominican Republic economic elections established exile Fanmi Lavalas February Football forces France François Duvalier French Gonaïves Haitian government Haitian Revolution Haïtien Hinche Hispaniola houngan hurricane Hyppolite island January 2010 earthquake Jean Jean-Bertrand Aristide Jean-Claude Duvalier Jean-Claude Duvalier’s Jean-Jacques Dessalines July June Kreyòl Les Cayes Lescot loas Louverture Manigat March Martelly Michel mulatto mulatto elite Namphy National Assembly Noirisme northern Haiti November October Olympics overthrow peasants percent Pétion Pierre plantation political popular population Port-au-Prince president of Haiti prime minister provisional president regime René Préval resigned result returned to Haiti Roman Catholic September served slavery slaves soccer Spanish sugarcane Taíno tion Tonton Macoutes Toussaint treaty U.S. government U.S. military occupation Voodoo