A Copious Greek Grammar

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John Murray, 1832 - Greek language
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Page 4 - THE Greek Language, like every modern one, was not §• in ancient times spoken in the same manner in all parts of Greece ; but almost every place had its peculiarities of dialect, both with respect to the use of single letters and of single words, forms of words, inflexions, and expressions.
Page xii - ... are still obliged to have recourse, in the way of explanation, to many gratuitous suppositions and unphilosophical shifts, for which grammarians have invented fine names, that serve as circumlocutions to express our ignorance of the real causes and reasons of the peculiarities which we would explain. We meet with a dative case where the laws of construction require a genitive ; and it is considered to be a sufficient account of the matter, if we say that it is per schema Colophonium. A word is...
Page 8 - But they could hardly have been such at the time of these poets, who would have as little allowed themselves to employ such a mixture, as a German poet would permit himself to mingle together Lower Saxon and High German provincialisms. The language of Homer seems rather to have been the language of the lonians of that time. Of the forms...
Page xii - For unaccountable changes in the forms of words, metaplasmus is the panacea. It is scarcely possible to calculate the mischief, which has been done to knowledge of all kinds, by the invention of technical terms. In the first instance, they facilitate the acquisition of a science ; but afterwards they have a natural tendency to stop the progress of research and improvement ; because men are generally disposed to acquiesce in an established nomenclature, without considering the principles upon which...
Page xxxix - He should have said that originally there was but one common language, and this was the Doric : not indeed the Doric of later times, but a language spoken by the Dorians, from which were derived the ^Eolic and Ionic varieties, after the colonization of the coasts of Asia Minor.
Page 212 - Originally some adjectives had two forms, of both ot which certain cases have been retained in use ; so that the cases which are wanting in one form are supplied by those of the other. Of this kind are péyaç or jueyáAoc, and TroAvc or TToAAoc. II. From físyáAof , the feminine jueyoA»?
Page xl - I st, that he is to attribute to Anacreon only the fragments which were collected by F. Ursinus, and a few additional ones; and not those poems which commonly go under his name, a few only excepted ; and that as Anacreon lived more than 100 years before Herodotus, his dialect was probably different.
Page 258 - The augment appears originally to have consisted, in 161. all cases, in the prefix e, as well in words beginning with a vowel, as in those which began with a consonant. Thus we still find in the old Ionic Poets eeX-ne-ro for (R).
Page xlvi - P. 1/6. -rpirov tjfti-rd\avTov, ' two talents and a half, ie the first a talent, the second a talent, the third a half-talent. So in Latin Sestertius, two asses and a half, is shortened from Semisterlius : the first an As, the second an As, the third a half As (tertius semis). See Schweighaeuser, on Herodot. I. 50. P. 177. Dr. Burney (Monthly Review, 1799. p. 89.) thinks that these terminations in...
Page 253 - Greek, but for the preterit there are more than in any other language. 3. An action, for instance, is represented as either in itself and absolutely past, or as relatively past in respect to another time expressed or conceived. The aorist serves to denote the time entirely past ; the imperfect, the perfect, and the...

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