Archaeology of Early Buddhism
How do archaeologists explore the various dimensions of religion? Lars Fogelin uses archaeological work at Thotlakonda in Southern India as his lens in a broader examination of Buddhist monastic life. He discovers the tension between the desired isolation of the monastery and the mutual engagement with neighbors in the Early Historic Period. He also sketches how religious architectural design and use of landscape helped to shaped these relationships. Drawing on historical accounts, religious documents, and inscriptions, as well as results of his systematic archaeological survey, Fogelin is able to shed new light on the ritual and material workings of Early Buddhism in this region, and shows how archaeology can contribute to our understanding of religious practice.
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analysis APDAM archaeological remains architecture argued Arikamedu artifacts Ashoka Asian Bavikonda brick Buddha Buddhist monasteries Buddhist monasticism cairns century A.D. ceramic ceramic scatters Chaitya chapter circumambulatory path cisterns cloister coastal Andhra Pradesh construction context cultural cultural Marxism deﬁned demonstrate difﬁcult discussed donations Early Buddhism Early Historic Period evidence excavations ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁve floodplain focus focused Fogelin forms Gangetic Plain identiﬁed India inscriptions interaction interpretations Iron Age Kalinga laity large number layout located main stupa Mauryan Mauryan Empire megalithic meters monastic monks monks at Thotlakonda mortuary landscape NEAMS non-monastic settlement non-plastic inclusions north coastal Andhra ofthe Orissa Pali Canon patterns postholes practice present public worship space refectory religion religious reservoir ritual spaces Sastry Satavahana Schopen sherds signiﬁcant Sinopoli sources South Asia speciﬁc stone structures Subrahmanyam suggests survey area texts Thapar third century B.C. Thotlakonda Hill Thotlakonda Monastery University Press Vihara vinaya votive stupas Ware