America's Munitions 1917-1918: Report of Benedict Crowell, the Assistant Secretary of War, Director of Munitions

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1919 - Arms transfers - 592 pages
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Very comprehensive book about the production and use of materiel during WWI.

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Page 440 - SEC. 2. That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of War and of the Secretary of the Navy to...
Page 273 - ... engines, aeroplanes and their numerous accessories are constantly being worked out. But the interval between the discovery of an improvement and its introduction into the service is, owing to technical considerations, very much longer than is commonly supposed. Experience shows that, as a rule, from the date of the conception and design of an aero-engine to the delivery of the first engine in series by the manufacturer, more than a year elapses; the corresponding period for an aeroplane is about...
Page 438 - Tomatoes, canned, in lieu of an equal quantity of potatoes, but not exceeding 20 per cent of the total issue. Other fresh vegetables (not canned) when they can be obtained in the vicinity or transported in a wholesome condition from a distance, in lieu of an equal quantity of potatoes, but not exceeding 30 per cent of total issue.
Page 15 - The representatives of Great Britain and France state that their production of artillery— field, medium, and heavy— Is now established on so large a scale that they are able to equip completely all American divisions as they arrive in France during the year 1918 with the best make of British and French suns and howitzers. With a view, therefore, to expedite and facilitate the equipment of the American armies in France, and, second, to securing the maximum ultimate development of the munitions...
Page 463 - Substitution of vegetable ivory for metal in buttons was attempted. The Bureau of Standards in Washington tested the taqua, or ivory, nuts from which buttons are made and found them suitable. A vegetable ivory button with a shank was developed, although no such ivory button had been known before, and the Government's insignia was stamped on this button.
Page 395 - That it was illogical, and not demonstrably humane, to be tender about asphyxiating men with gas, when all were prepared to admit that it was allowable to blow the bottom out of an ironclad at midnight, throwing four or five hundred men into the sea, to be choked by water, with scarcely the remotest chance of escape.
Page 271 - Cam-shaft Drive. The cam-shaft drive was copied almost entirely from the Hall-Scott motor; in fact, several of the gears used in the first sample engines were supplied by the HallScott Motor Car Company. This type of drive is used by Mercedes, Hispano-Suiza, and others. Angle Between Cylinders. In the Liberty the included angle between the cylinders is 45 ; in all other existing 12-cylinder engines it is 60.
Page 180 - ... her own manufacturing facilities at home, and her last American contracts were nearing completion. Here at hand, then, was a huge capacity which, added to our government arsenals, could turn out every rifle the American Army would require, regardless of how many troops we were to put into the field. But what of the gun that these plants were making — the British Enfield rifle? As soon as war became a certainty for us, the Ordnance Department sent its best rifle experts to these private plants...
Page 469 - ... had to send experts from the Rock Island Arsenal to teach all new contractors how to make the articles. Many of the factory workers were women. In spite of all difficulties, production was wonderfully increased. Along in January, 1918, about 100,000 pistol belts a month were being made; at the time of the armistice, 560,000 were being manufactured monthly. Of cartridge belts in the same period the production was increased from 85,000 to about 410,000 monthly, and of haversacks from 290,000 to...
Page 395 - ... adequate experiment; consequently, a vote taken now would be taken in ignorance of the facts as to whether the results would be of a decisive character, or whether injury in excess of that necessary to attain the end of warfare, the immediate disabling of the enemy, would be inflicted. 2. That the reproach of cruelty and perfidy, addressed against these supposed shells, was equally uttered formerly against firearms and torpedoes, both of which are now employed without scruple.

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