Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire
This book explores the history of natural disasters in the Ottoman Empire and the responses to them on the state, communal, and individual levels. Yaron Ayalon argues that religious boundaries between Muslims and non-Muslims were far less significant in Ottoman society than commonly believed. Furthermore, the emphasis on Islamic principles and the presence of Islamic symbols in the public domain were measures the state took to enhance its reputation and political capital - occasional discrimination of non-Muslims was only a by-product of these measures. This study sheds new light on flight and behavioral patterns in response to impending disasters by combining historical evidence with studies in social psychology and sociology. Employing an approach that mixes environmental and social history with the psychology of disasters, this work asserts that the handling of such disasters was crucial to both the rise and the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
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al-Budayri Al-Ghazzi al-Suyuti Aleppo Anatolia Arab archives areas authorities behavior Black Death Burayk Bursa Byzantine Cairo calamities Cambridge University Press changes Chapter cholera Christians and Jews church city’s contagion Damascus dhimmis disease Dols early modern early Ottoman earthquake economic Efendi effect Egypt eighteenth century empire’s Europe European example factors famine fires flee flight fourteenth governor historians History houses human Ibid imaret imperial Islamic issued Istanbul Jerusalem Jews jizya later London Lowry Mamluk Mediterranean Mehmet Middle East Mikhail mosques Muhammad Muslim Muslims and non-Muslims natural disasters nineteenth century officials one’s Osmanlı Ottoman cities Ottoman Empire Ottoman period Ottoman society Ottoman urban Panzac pasha people’s petition plague epidemic political poor population Poverty and Charity practices prevent Princeton qadi quake quarantine rebuilding religion religious role Russell Sajdi scholars seventeenth ships sixteenth century social state’s Süleyman sultan synagogue Syria Ta’rikh Tanzimat tion waqfs